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Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Mar-Apr; 7(2): 197–199.
PMCID: PMC2631731
New technologies to prevent intravascular catheter-related bloodstream infections.
L. A. Mermel
Brown University School of Medicine and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
L. A. Mermel: lmermel/at/lifespan.org
Abstract
Most intravascular catheter-related infections are associated with central venous catheters. Technologic advances shown to reduce the risk for these infections include a catheter hub containing an iodinated alcohol solution, short-term chlorhexidine-silver sulfadiazine- impregnated catheters, minocycline-rifampin-impregnated catheters, and chlorhexidine- impregnated sponge dressings. Nontechnologic strategies for reducing risk include maximal barrier precautions during catheter insertion, specialized nursing teams, continuing quality improvement programs, and tunneling of short-term internal jugular catheters.
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