1. Wagenaar A, Perry CL. Community strategies for the reduction of youth drinking: Theory and application. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 1994;4(2):319–345.
2. Perry CL. In: Creating health behavior change: how to develop community-wide programs for youth. Kazdin AE, editor. Vol. 43. Sage Publications, Inc.; Thousand Oaks, CA: 1999. (Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry Series).
3. Furstenberg FF, Jr., Hughes ME. The influence of neighborhoods on children’s development: A theoretical perspective and a research agenda. In: Brooks-Gunn J, Duncan GJ, Aber JL, editors. Neighborhood Poverty: Policy Implications in Studying Neighborhoods. Russell Sage Foundation; New York: 1997. p. 2.p. v.
4. Petraitis J, Flay BR, Miller TQ. Reviewing theories of adolescent substance use: organizing pieces in the puzzle. Psychological Bulletin. 1995;117(1):67–86. [PubMed] 5. Ellickson P, Saner H, McGuigan KA. Profiles of violent youth: Substance use and other concurrent problems. American Journal of Public Health. 1997;87(6):985–991. [PubMed]
6. Shaw C, McKay H. Juvenile delinquency and urban areas. University of Chicago Press; Chicago: 1942.
7. Leventhal T, Brooks-Gunn J. The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes. Psychological Bulletin. 2000;126(2):309–337. [PubMed]
8. Duncan GJ, Raudenbush SW. Neighborhoods and adolescent development: how can we determine the links? In: Booth A, Crouter AC, editors. Does it take a village? Community effects on children, adolescents, and families. Lawrence Erlbaum; Mahwah, N.J.: 2001. p. xi.p. 263.
9. Nash JK, Bowen GL. Perceived crime and informal social control in the neighborhood as a context for adolescent behavior: a risk and resilience perspective. Social Work Research. 1999;23(3):171–186.
10. Sampson RJ, Raudenbush SW, Earls F. Neighborhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science. 1999;277(5328):918–924. [PubMed] 11. Molnar BE, Miller MJ, Azrael D, Buka SL. Neighborhood predictors of concealed firearm carrying among children and adolescents: Results from the project on human development in Chicago neighborhoods. Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine. 2004;158(7):657–664. [PubMed]
12. Sampson RJ, Morenoff JD. Ecological perspectives on the neighborhood context of urban poverty: Past and present. In: Brooks-Gunn J, Duncan GJ, Aber JL, editors. Neighborhood Poverty: Policy Implications in Studying Neighborhoods. Russell Sage Foundation; New York: 1997.
13. Sampson RJ. In: Violence and childhood in the inner city. McCord J, editor. Cambridge University Press; Cambridge, UK; New York: 1997. p. xiii.p. 334. (Cambridge criminology series).
14. Rankin BH, Quane JM. Social contexts and urban adolescent outcomes: the interrelated effects of neighborhoods, families, and peers on African-American youth. Social Problems. 2002;49(1):79–100.
15. Jarrett RL. Successful parenting in high-risk neighborhoods. The Future of Children. 1999;9(2):45–50. [PubMed]
16. Furstenberg FF, Jr., Cook TD, Eccles J, Elder GH, Jr., Sameroff A. Managing to Make It. University of Chicago Press; Chicago, IL: 1999.
17. Dishion TJ, McMahon RJ. Parental monitoring and the prevention of child and adolescent problem behavior: A conceptual and empirical formulation. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. 1998;1(1):61–75. [PubMed]
21. Wilson BJ, Smith SL, Potter WJ, Kunkel D, Linz D, Colvin CM, Donnerstein E. Violence in children’s television programming: Assessing the risks. Journal of Communication. 2002;52(1):5–35.
22. American Academy of Pediatrics Impact of music lyrics and music videos on children and youth (RE9144) Pediatrics. 1996;98(6):1219–1221. [PubMed] 23. Beck KH, Shattuck T, Haynie D, Crump AD, Simons-Morton B. Associations between parent awareness, monitoring, enforcement and adolescent involvement with alcohol. Health Education Research. 1999;14(6):765–775. [PubMed] 24. Jackson C, Henriksen L, Dickinson D. Alcohol-specific socialization, parenting behaviors and alcohol use by children. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 1999;60(3):362–367. [PubMed] 25. Duncan SE, Duncan TE, Biglan A, Ary D. Contributions of the social context to the development of adolescent substance use: A multivariate latent growth modeling approach. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 1998;50(1):57–71. [PubMed]
26. Cottrell L, Xiaoming L, Harris C, D’Alessandri D, Atkins M, Richardson B, et al. Parent and Adolescent Perceptions of Parental Monitoring and Adolescent Risk Involvement. Parenting: Science and Practice. 2003;3(3):179–195.
27. Patterson GR, Stout-Loeber M. The correlation of family management practices and delinquency. Child Development. 1984;55(4):1299–1307. [PubMed] 28. Laird RD, Pettit GS, Bates JE, Dodge KA. Parents’ monitoring-relevant knowledge and adolescents’ delinquent behavior: Evidence of correlated developmental changes and reciprocal influences. Child Development. 2003;74(3):752–768. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
29. Jacobson KC, Crockett LJ. Parental Monitoring and Adolescent Adjustment: An Ecological Perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 2000;10(1):65–97.
30. Forehand R, Miller KS, Dutra R, Chance MW. Role of parenting in adolescent deviant behavior: replication across and within two ethnic groups. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1997;65(6):1036–1041. [PubMed]
31. Smith C, Krohn MD. Delinquency and family life among male adolescents: the role of ethnicity. Journal of Adolescence. 1995;24(1):69–93.
32. Griffin KW, Botvin GJ, Scheier LM, Diaz T, Miller NL. Parenting practices as predictors of substance use, delinquency, and aggression among urban minority youth: moderating effects of family structure and gender. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2000;14(2):174–184. [PubMed] 33. Borawski EA, Ievers-Landis CE, Lovegreen LD, Trapl ES. Parental monitoring, negotiated unsupervised time, and parental trust: the role of perceived parenting practices in adolescent health risk behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2003;33(2):60–70. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 34. DiClemente RJ, Wingood GM, Crosby R, Sionean C, Cobb BK, Harrington K, Davies S, Hook EW, 3rd, Oh MK. Parental monitoring: Association with adolescent’s risk behaviors. Pediatrics. 2001;107:1363–1368. [PubMed] 35. Li X, Feigelman S, Stanton B. Perceived parental monitoring and health risk behaviors among urban low-income African-American children and adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2000;27(1):43–48. [PubMed] 36. Li X, Stanton B, Feigelman S. Impact of perceived parental monitoring on adolescent risk behavior over 4 years. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2000;27(1):49–56. [PubMed] 37. Griffin KW, Scheier LM, Botvin GJ, Diaz T. Ethnic and gender differences in psychosocial risk, protection, and adolescent alcohol use. Prevention Science. 2000;1(4):199–212. [PubMed]
38. Dahlberg LL, Toal SB, Behrens CB. Measuring violence-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among youths: A compendium of assessment tools. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nation Center for Injury Prevention and Control; Atlanta, GA: 1998.
39. Seppanen P, Jerstad S. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention Core Measures. University of Minnesota, College of Education and Human Development, Center for Applied Research & Educational Development; Minneapolis, MN: 1999.
40. Komro KA, Perry CL, Williams CL, Stigler MH, Farbakhsh K, Veblen-Mortenson S. How did Project Northland reduce alcohol use among young adolescents? Analysis of mediating variables. Health Education Research. 2001;16(1):59–70. [PubMed]
41. Williams CL, Toomey TL, McGovern P, Wagenaar AC, Perry CL. Development, reliability, and validity of self-report alcohol-use measures with young adolescents. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse. 1995;4(3):17–40.
42. Perry CL, Komro KA, Veblen-Mortenson S, Bosma L, Munson K, Stigler M, Lytle LA, Forster JL, Welles SL. The Minnesota D.A.R.E. Plus Project: Creating community partnerships to prevent drug use and violence. Journal of School Health. 2000;70(3):84–88. [PubMed]
43. Johnston LD, O’Malley PM, Bachman JG. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1995, Volume 1: Secondary School Students. USDHHS, NIDDA, NIH; Rockville, MD: 1996.
44. Kann L, Warren CW, Harris WA, Collins JL, Williams BI, Ross JG, Kolbe LJ. Youth risk behavior surveillance -United States, 1995. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. CDC Surveillance Summaries. 1996;45(4):1–84. [PubMed]
45. Komro KA, Perry CL, Munson KA, Stigler MH, Farbakhsh K. Reliability and validity of self-report measures to evaluate drug and violence prevention programs. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse. 2004;13(3):17–51.
46. Perry CL, Williams CL, Komro KA, Veblen-Mortenson S, Stigler M, Munson KA, Farbakhsh K, Jones RM, Forster JL. Project Northland: long-term outcomes of community action to reduce adolescent alcohol use. Health Education Research. 17(1):117–132. 200. [PubMed] 47. Perry CL, Williams CL, Veblen-Mortenson S, Toomey TL, Komro KA, Anstine PS, McGovern PG, Finnegan JR, Forster JL, Wagenaar JC, Wolfson M. Project Northland: outcomes of a communitywide alcohol use prevention program during early adolescence. American Journal of Public Health. 1996;86(7):956–965. [PubMed] 48. Komro KA, Perry CL, Veblen-Mortenson S, Farbakhsh K, Kugler KC, Alfano KA, Dudovitz BS, Williams CL, Jones-Webb R. Cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of a home-based program for alcohol use prevention among urban youth: The Slick Tracy Home Team Program. Journal of Primary Prevention. 2006;27(2):135–154. [PubMed]
50. Bollen KA. Structural Equations with Latent Variables. John Wiley & Sons; New York: 1989.
51. Joreskog KG. Testing structural equation models. In: Long JS, editor. Testing Structural Equation Models. Sage Publications; Newbury, CA: 1993.
52. Joreskog KG. Analysis of ordinal variables using polychoric correlations and weighted least squares. Quality & Quantity. 1990;24:387–404.
53. Browne MW, Cudeck R. Alternative ways of assessing model fit. Sociological Methods and Research. 1992;21:250–258.
54. Bentler PM. Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin. 1990;107(2):238–246. [PubMed]
55. Joreskog KG, Sorbom D. LISREL 7: A guide to the program and applications. 2nd ed. SPSS, Inc; Chicago: 1989.
56. Bentler PM, Bonett DG. Significance tests and goodness-of-fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychological Bulletin. 1980;88(3):588–606.
57. Duncan GJ, Raudenbush SW. Assessing the effects of context in studies of child and youth development. Educational Psychology. 1999;34(1):29–41.