p53 mutations occur in a large number of human malignancies. Mutant p53 is unable to affect downstream genes necessary for DNA repair, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis. The styrylquinazoline CP-31398 can rescue destabilized mutant p53 expression and promote activity of wild-type p53. The present study examines chemopreventive effects of CP-31398 on intestinal adenoma development in an animal model of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Effects were examined at both early and late stages of adenoma formation. Effects of CP-31398 on early-stage adenomas were determined by feeding 7-week-old female C57B/6J-APCmin (heterozygous) and wild-type C57BL/6J mice with American Institute of Nutrition (AIN)-76A diets containing 0, 100, or 200 ppm CP-31398 for 75 days. To examine activity toward late-stage adenomas, CP31398 administration was delayed until 15 weeks of age and continued for 50 days. During early-stage intervention, dietary CP-31398 suppressed development of intestinal tumors by 36% (p < 0.001) and 75% (p < 0.0001), at low and high dose, respectively. During late-stage intervention, CP-31398 also significantly suppressed intestinal polyp formation, albeit to a lesser extent than observed with early intervention. Adenomas in treated mice showed increased apoptotic cell death and decreased proliferation in conjunction with increased expression of p53, p21WAF1/CIP, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). These observations demonstrate for the first time that the p53-modulating agent CP-31398 possesses significant chemopreventive activity in vivo against intestinal neoplastic lesions in genetically-predisposed APCmin/+ mice. Chemopreventive activity of other agents that restore tumor suppressor functions of mutant p53 in tumor cells is currently under investigation.