Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of jnmaLink to Publisher's site
J Natl Med Assoc. 2002 June; 94(6): 480–483.
PMCID: PMC2594386

Retrospective analysis of hiccups in patients at a community hospital from 1995-2000.


Hiccups are a physiologic phenomenon noted in animals and humans. There is little understanding of what makes hiccups occur and whether or not they have any productive purpose. A retrospective analysis of all patients seen in a community hospital over a 5 year period was conducted to see who is affected by hiccups, evaluate laboratory findings in people with hiccups, and to see what the currently accepted treatment is for hiccups. The vast majority of patients were male, older than 50 years of age, and with co-morbid conditions. Laboratory values appeared to be of little value in determining whether treatment interventions would be effective. Gastroenterology was the service most consulted and EGD the most common procedural intervention conducted, but with little success. No treatments showed a statistically significant effect.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (447K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Lewis JH. Hiccups: causes and cures. J Clin Gastroenterol. 1985 Dec;7(6):539–552. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association