PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jnmaLink to Publisher's site
 

Abstract

There is increasing interest from a social learning perspective in understanding the role of parental factors on adult health behaviors and health outcomes. Our review revealed no studies, to date, that have evaluated the effects of parental substance abuse on reports of chronic pain and coping in adult patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). We explored the effects of parental substance (alcohol or drug) abuse on reports of the sensory, affective and summary indices of pain in 67 adult patients, mean age 38.9 (13.5), with SCD. We also explored the effects of parental substance abuse on psychopathology associated with pain and active coping. Twenty-four percent of patients reported that their parent(s) abused substances. Patients whose parent(s) were characterized as substance abusers reported greater sensory (p=0.02), affective (p=0.01) and summary (VAS; p=0.02) indices of pain as compared to their counterparts, whose parent(s) were not characterized as substance abusers. Patients did not differ in average age, education or the propensity to respond in a socially acceptable manner. There was a significant trend towards patients who characterized their parents as abusers scoring higher than their counterparts on active coping. We propose a Social Learning Theory to explain the current findings and suggest a need for additional prospective research to simultaneously explore biological (genetic) and social factors that influence the interpretation, experience and reporting of chronic pain in adult patients with chronic disease.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (2.0M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Whitfield Keith E, McClearn Gerald. Genes, environment, and race: quantitative genetic approaches. Am Psychol. 2005 Jan;60(1):104–114. [PubMed]
  • Diatchenko Luda, Slade Gary D, Nackley Andrea G, Bhalang Konakporn, Sigurdsson Asgeir, Belfer Inna, Goldman David, Xu Ke, Shabalina Svetlana A, Shagin Dmitry, et al. Genetic basis for individual variations in pain perception and the development of a chronic pain condition. Hum Mol Genet. 2005 Jan 1;14(1):135–143. [PubMed]
  • Lung For-Wey, Huang Yi-Lin, Shu Bih-Ching, Lee Fei-Yin. Parental rearing style, premorbid personality, mental health, and quality of life in chronic regional pain: A causal analysis. Compr Psychiatry. 2004 May-Jun;45(3):206–212. [PubMed]
  • Pecukonis Edward V. Female children of alcoholics and chronic back pain. Pain Med. 2004 Jun;5(2):196–201. [PubMed]
  • Mogil JS. The genetic mediation of individual differences in sensitivity to pain and its inhibition. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Jul 6;96(14):7744–7751. [PubMed]
  • Roy R. Marital and family issues in patients with chronic pain. A review. Psychother Psychosom. 1982;37(1):1–12. [PubMed]
  • Violon A, Giurgea D. Familial models for chronic pain. Pain. 1984 Feb;18(2):199–203. [PubMed]
  • Schaffer CB, Donlon PT, Bittle RM. Chronic pain and depression: a clinical and family history survey. Am J Psychiatry. 1980 Jan;137(1):118–120. [PubMed]
  • Katon W, Egan K, Miller D. Chronic pain: lifetime psychiatric diagnoses and family history. Am J Psychiatry. 1985 Oct;142(10):1156–1160. [PubMed]
  • ENGEL GL. Psychogenic pain and pain-prone patient. Am J Med. 1959 Jun;26(6):899–918. [PubMed]
  • Grunau RV, Whitfield MF, Petrie JH, Fryer EL. Early pain experience, child and family factors, as precursors of somatization: a prospective study of extremely premature and fullterm children. Pain. 1994 Mar;56(3):353–359. [PubMed]
  • Goodman JE, McGrath PJ. The epidemiology of pain in children and adolescents: a review. Pain. 1991 Sep;46(3):247–264. [PubMed]
  • Perquin CW, Hazebroek-Kampschreur AA, Hunfeld JA, Bohnen AM, van Suijlekom-Smit LW, Passchier J, van der Wouden JC. Pain in children and adolescents: a common experience. Pain. 2000 Jul;87(1):51–58. [PubMed]
  • Poulsen DL, Hansen HJ, Langemark M, Olesen J, Bech P. Discomfort or disability in patients with chronic pain syndrome. Psychother Psychosom. 1987;48(1-4):60–62. [PubMed]
  • Asmundson GJ, Jacobson SJ, Allerdings MD, Norton GR. Social phobia in disabled workers with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Behav Res Ther. 1996 Nov-Dec;34(11-12):939–943. [PubMed]
  • Benjamin S, Morris S, McBeth J, Macfarlane GJ, Silman AJ. The association between chronic widespread pain and mental disorder: a population-based study. Arthritis Rheum. 2000 Mar;43(3):561–567. [PubMed]
  • Harkness EF, Macfarlane GJ, Silman AJ, McBeth J. Is musculoskeletal pain more common now than 40 years ago?: Two population-based cross-sectional studies. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2005 Jul;44(7):890–895. [PubMed]
  • Elliott AM, Smith BH, Penny KI, Smith WC, Chambers WA. The epidemiology of chronic pain in the community. Lancet. 1999 Oct 9;354(9186):1248–1252. [PubMed]
  • Cano Annmarie. Pain catastrophizing and social support in married individuals with chronic pain: the moderating role of pain duration. Pain. 2004 Aug;110(3):656–664. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Smith A Ann. Intimacy and family relationships of women with chronic pain. Pain Manag Nurs. 2003 Sep;4(3):134–142. [PubMed]
  • Raphael Karen G, Chandler Helena K, Ciccone Donald S. Is childhood abuse a risk factor for chronic pain in adulthood? Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2004 Apr;8(2):99–110. [PubMed]
  • Lampe Astrid, Doering Stephan, Rumpold Gerhard, Sölder Elisabeth, Krismer Martin, Kantner-Rumplmair Wilhelm, Schubert Christian, Söllner Wolfgang. Chronic pain syndromes and their relation to childhood abuse and stressful life events. J Psychosom Res. 2003 Apr;54(4):361–367. [PubMed]
  • Roehrs Timothy, Roth Thomas. Sleep and pain: interaction of two vital functions. Semin Neurol. 2005 Mar;25(1):106–116. [PubMed]
  • Redondo Javier Rivera, Justo Carmen Moratalla, Moraleda Francisca Valdepeñas, Velayos Yolanda García, Puche José Juan Osés, Zubero Julio Ruiz, Hernández Teresa González, Ortells Loreto Carmona, Pareja Miguel Angel Vallejo. Long-term efficacy of therapy in patients with fibromyalgia: a physical exercise-based program and a cognitive-behavioral approach. Arthritis Rheum. 2004 Apr 15;51(2):184–192. [PubMed]
  • American Pain Society releases new guidelines for arthritis pain. Home Healthc Nurse. 2003 Jun;21(6):413–414. [PubMed]
  • Haythornthwaite JA, Menefee LA, Heinberg LJ, Clark MR. Pain coping strategies predict perceived control over pain. Pain. 1998 Jul;77(1):33–39. [PubMed]
  • Huang Tsan-Yu, Lee Yu, Chong Mian-Yoon. Psychological distress and help-seeking in patients with chronic pain. Chang Gung Med J. 2005 Apr;28(4):247–253. [PubMed]
  • Zeltzer L, Bursch B, Walco G. Pain responsiveness and chronic pain: a psychobiological perspective. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1997 Dec;18(6):413–422. [PubMed]
  • Edwards Robert R, Moric Mario, Husfeldt Brenda, Buvanendran Asokumar, Ivankovich Olga. Ethnic similarities and differences in the chronic pain experience: a comparison of african american, Hispanic, and white patients. Pain Med. 2005 Jan-Feb;6(1):88–98. [PubMed]
  • Edwards CL, Fillingim RB, Keefe F. Race, ethnicity and pain. Pain. 2001 Nov;94(2):133–137. [PubMed]
  • Gatchel Robert J, Mayer Tom G, Kidner Cindy L, McGeary Donald D. Are gender, marital status or parenthood risk factors for outcome of treatment for chronic disabling spinal disorders? J Occup Rehabil. 2005 Jun;15(2):191–201. [PubMed]
  • Tan Gabriel, Jensen Mark P, Thornby John, Anderson Karen O. Ethnicity, control appraisal, coping, and adjustment to chronic pain among black and white Americans. Pain Med. 2005 Jan-Feb;6(1):18–28. [PubMed]
  • Laatsch LK, Thulborn KR, Krisky CM, Shobat DM, Sweeney JA. Investigating the neurobiological basis of cognitive rehabilitation therapy with fMRI. Brain Inj. 2004 Oct;18(10):957–974. [PubMed]
  • Christoffersen Mogens Nygaard, Soothill Keith. The long-term consequences of parental alcohol abuse: a cohort study of children in Denmark. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2003 Sep;25(2):107–116. [PubMed]
  • Bandura A. Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychol Rev. 1977 Mar;84(2):191–215. [PubMed]
  • Rydelius PA. Annotation: are children of alcoholics a clinical concern for child and adolescent psychiatrists of today? J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1997 Sep;38(6):615–624. [PubMed]
  • Godsall Robert E, Jurkovic Gregory J, Emshoff James, Anderson Louis, Stanwyck Douglas. Why some kids do well in bad situations: relation of parental alcohol misuse and parentification to children's self-concept. Subst Use Misuse. 2004 Apr;39(5):789–809. [PubMed]
  • Buydens-Branchey L, Branchey MH, Noumair D. Age of alcoholism onset. I. Relationship to psychopathology. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989 Mar;46(3):225–230. [PubMed]
  • Rasmussen BB, Christensen N. Alkohol og fosterskader. Ugeskr Laeger. 1978 Feb 6;140(6):282–284. [PubMed]
  • Aronson M, Kyllerman M, Sabel KG, Sandin B, Olegård R. Children of alcoholic mothers. Developmental, perceptual and behavioural characteristics as compared to matched controls. Acta Paediatr Scand. 1985 Jan;74(1):27–35. [PubMed]
  • Ingjaldsson Jon T, Laberg Jon C, Thayer Julian F. Reduced heart rate variability in chronic alcohol abuse: relationship with negative mood, chronic thought suppression, and compulsive drinking. Biol Psychiatry. 2003 Dec 15;54(12):1427–1436. [PubMed]
  • Clark LA, Watson D, Mineka S. Temperament, personality, and the mood and anxiety disorders. J Abnorm Psychol. 1994 Feb;103(1):103–116. [PubMed]
  • Krueger RF, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Silva PA, McGee R. Personality traits are differentially linked to mental disorders: a multitrait-multidiagnosis study of an adolescent birth cohort. J Abnorm Psychol. 1996 Aug;105(3):299–312. [PubMed]
  • Rothbart MK, Ahadi SA. Temperament and the development of personality. J Abnorm Psychol. 1994 Feb;103(1):55–66. [PubMed]
  • Petrovic Predrag, Carlsson Katrina, Petersson Karl Magnus, Hansson Per, Ingvar Martin. Context-dependent deactivation of the amygdala during pain. J Cogn Neurosci. 2004 Sep;16(7):1289–1301. [PubMed]
  • Anda Robert F, Whitfield Charles L, Felitti Vincent J, Chapman Daniel, Edwards Valerie J, Dube Shanta R, Williamson David F. Adverse childhood experiences, alcoholic parents, and later risk of alcoholism and depression. Psychiatr Serv. 2002 Aug;53(8):1001–1009. [PubMed]
  • Hart Kenneth E, Fiissel Dorrie L, McAleer Margaret. Do adult offspring of alcoholics suffer from poor medical health? A three-group comparison controlling for self-report bias. Can J Nurs Res. 2003 Mar;35(1):53–72. [PubMed]
  • Payne B, Norfleet MA. Chronic pain and the family: a review. Pain. 1986 Jul;26(1):1–22. [PubMed]
  • Elander J, Midence K. A review of evidence about factors affecting quality of pain management in sickle cell disease. Clin J Pain. 1996 Sep;12(3):180–193. [PubMed]
  • Melzack R. The McGill Pain Questionnaire: major properties and scoring methods. Pain. 1975 Sep;1(3):277–299. [PubMed]
  • Shrauger JS. Performance on the Marlowe-Crowne Scale and its perceived purpose. J Pers Assess. 1972 Jun;36(3):287–290. [PubMed]
  • Harrison M Ojinga, Edwards Christopher L, Koenig Harold G, Bosworth Hayden B, Decastro Laura, Wood Mary. Religiosity/spirituality and pain in patients with sickle cell disease. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2005 Apr;193(4):250–257. [PubMed]
  • Runyon Melissa K, Deblinger Esther, Ryan Erika E, Thakkar-Kolar Reena. An overview of child physical abuse: developing an integrated parent-child cognitive-behavioral treatment approach. Trauma Violence Abuse. 2004 Jan;5(1):65–85. [PubMed]
  • Edwards Christopher L, Scales Mischca T, Loughlin Charles, Bennett Gary G, Harris-Peterson Shani, De Castro Laura M, Whitworth Elaine, Abrams Mary, Feliu Miriam, Johnson Stephanie, et al. A brief review of the pathophysiology, associated pain, and psychosocial issues in sickle cell disease. Int J Behav Med. 2005;12(3):171–179. [PubMed]
  • Pells Jennifer J, Presnell Katherine E, Edwards Christopher L, Wood Mary, Harrison Myleme O, DeCastro Laura, Johnson Stephanie, Feliu Miriam, Canada Stephanie, Jonassaint Jude C, et al. Moderate chronic pain, weight and dietary intake in African-American adult patients with sickle cell disease. J Natl Med Assoc. 2005 Dec;97(12):1622–1629. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Sher KJ, Walitzer KS, Wood PK, Brent EE. Characteristics of children of alcoholics: putative risk factors, substance use and abuse, and psychopathology. J Abnorm Psychol. 1991 Nov;100(4):427–448. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association