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J Natl Med Assoc. 2006 December; 98(12): 1985–1988.
PMCID: PMC2569686

Nanotechnology and nanomedicine: a primer.


Nanosciences and nanotechnology are transforming a wide array of products and services that have the potential to enhance the practice of medicine and improve public health. But there are a number of health, safety and environmental issues to be addressed. This review summarizes some basic facts about nanotechnology and cites examples of its application to medicine and public health.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Thrall James H. Nanotechnology and medicine. Radiology. 2004 Feb;230(2):315–318. [PubMed]
  • Service Robert F. Nanotoxicology. Nanotechnology grows up. Science. 2004 Jun 18;304(5678):1732–1734. [PubMed]
  • Masciangioli Tina, Zhang Wei-Xian. Environmental technologies at the nanoscale. Environ Sci Technol. 2003 Mar 1;37(5):102A–108A. [PubMed]
  • Moghimi S Moein, Hunter A Christy, Murray J Clifford. Nanomedicine: current status and future prospects. FASEB J. 2005 Mar;19(3):311–330. [PubMed]
  • Service Robert F. Nanotechnology. Biology offers nanotechs a helping hand. Science. 2002 Dec 20;298(5602):2322–2323. [PubMed]
  • Boskey AL. Musculoskeletal disorders and orthopedic conditions. JAMA. 2001 Feb 7;285(5):619–623. [PubMed]
  • Service Robert F. Nanotoxicology. Nanotechnology grows up. Science. 2004 Jun 18;304(5678):1732–1734. [PubMed]
  • Harisinghani Mukesh G, Barentsz Jelle, Hahn Peter F, Deserno Willem M, Tabatabaei Shahin, van de Kaa Christine Hulsbergen, de la Rosette Jean, Weissleder Ralph. Noninvasive detection of clinically occult lymph-node metastases in prostate cancer. N Engl J Med. 2003 Jun 19;348(25):2491–2499. [PubMed]
  • Colvin Vicki L. The potential environmental impact of engineered nanomaterials. Nat Biotechnol. 2003 Oct;21(10):1166–1170. [PubMed]
  • Shvedova Anna A, Castranova Vincent, Kisin Elena R, Schwegler-Berry Diane, Murray Ashley R, Gandelsman Vadim Z, Maynard Andrew, Baron Paul. Exposure to carbon nanotube material: assessment of nanotube cytotoxicity using human keratinocyte cells. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2003 Oct 24;66(20):1909–1926. [PubMed]
  • Dreher Kevin L. Health and environmental impact of nanotechnology: toxicological assessment of manufactured nanoparticles. Toxicol Sci. 2004 Jan;77(1):3–5. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association