PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jnmaLink to Publisher's site
 
J Natl Med Assoc. 1984 May; 76(5): 477–483.
PMCID: PMC2561772

The Role of the Black Church in Community Medicine

Abstract

Historically, the black church has been the preserver and the perpetuator of the black ethos, the radix from which its defining values and norms have been generated, and the autonomous social institution that has provided order and meaning to the black experience in the United States. The traditional ethic of community-oriented service in the black ethos is highly compatible with the communitarian ethic of community medicine. Given this congruence and the much-documented fact that black Americans are an at-risk and under-served group regarding health status indicators and the provision of preventive health care, respectively, the black church is an extremely relevant locus for the practice of community medicine. A number of health programs based in or affiliated with the black church have operated throughout the United States, and these programs, along with the corpus of literature comprising conceptual articles favorable toward such a role for the black church, are reviewed within four areas of community medicine: primary care delivery, community mental health, health promotion and disease prevention, and health policy.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.1M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Reid JD, Jedlicka D, Lee ES, Shin Y. Trends in black health. Phylon. 1977;38(2):105–116. [PubMed]
  • James SA, Kleinbaum DG. Socioecologic stress and hypertension related mortality rates in North Carolina. Am J Public Health. 1976 Apr;66(4):354–358. [PubMed]
  • Omran AR. The epidemiologic transition in North Carolina during the last 50 to 90 years: II. changing patterns of disease and causes of death. N C Med J. 1975 Feb;36(2):83–88. [PubMed]
  • Sutton GF, Cornely PB. Assessing mortality and morbidity disadvantages of the black population of the United States. Soc Biol. 1971 Dec;18(4):369–386. [PubMed]
  • Cornely PB. The health status of the negro today and in the future. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1968 Apr;58(4):647–654. [PubMed]
  • Gorwitz K, Dennis R. On the decrease in the life expentancy of black males in Michigan. Public Health Rep. 1976 Mar-Apr;91(2):141–145. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Siegel JS. Estimates of coverage of the population by sex, race, and age in the 1970 census. Demography. 1974 Feb;11(1):1–23. [PubMed]
  • Greene SB, Salber EJ, Feldman JJ. Distribution of illnesses and its implications in a rural community. Med Care. 1978 Oct;16(10):863–877. [PubMed]
  • Miners LA, Greene SB, Salber EJ, Scheffler RM. Demand for medical care in a rural setting: racial comparisons. Health Serv Res. 1978 Fall;13(3):261–275. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Shannon GW, Bashshur RL, Spurlock CW. The search for medical care: an exploration of urban black behavior. Int J Health Serv. 1978;8(3):519–530. [PubMed]
  • Forster JL. A communitarian ethical model for public health interventions: an alternative to individual behavior change strategies. J Public Health Policy. 1982 Jun;3(2):150–163. [PubMed]
  • Snow LF. Folk medical beliefs and their implications for care of patients. A review bases on studies among black Americans. Ann Intern Med. 1974 Jul;81(1):82–96. [PubMed]
  • Guttmacher S, Elinson J. Ethno-religious variation in perceptions of illness. The use of illness as an explanation for deviant behavior. Soc Sci Med. 1971 Apr;5(2):117–125. [PubMed]
  • Griffith EE, English T, Mayfield V. Possession, prayer, and testimony: therapeutic aspects of the Wednesday night meeting in a Black church. Psychiatry. 1980 May;43(2):120–128. [PubMed]
  • Holloman JL., Jr Medical care and the black community. Arch Intern Med. 1971 Jan;127(1):51–56. [PubMed]
  • Westberg GE. Can the clergy help overworked physicians? Experience with an experimental church clinic. Postgrad Med. 1973 Jun;53(7):165–passim. [PubMed]
  • Marwick CS. Religion and medicine draw closer. Med World News. 1978 Dec 25;19(26):26–33. [PubMed]
  • Aronson SM. Conversations between the clergy and practicing physicians. R I Med J. 1975 Aug;58(8):329–330. [PubMed]
  • Haugk KC. Unique contributions of churches and clergy to community mental health. Community Ment Health J. 1976 Spring;12(1):20–28. [PubMed]
  • Bruder EE. The clergyman's contribution to community mental health. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1971 Jul;22(7):207–210. [PubMed]
  • Quinn PF, Talley K. A clergy training program in a mental health center. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1974 Jul;25(7):472–473. [PubMed]
  • Kaseman CM, Anderson RG. Clergy consultation as a community mental health program. Community Ment Health J. 1977 Spring;13(1):84–91. [PubMed]
  • Hatch JW, Lovelace KA. Involving the Southern rural church and students of the health professions in health education. Public Health Rep. 1980 Jan-Feb;95(1):23–25. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Beauchamp DE. Public health as social justice. Inquiry. 1976 Mar;13(1):3–14. [PubMed]
  • Outka Gene. Social justice and equal access to health care. J Relig Ethics. 1974 Spring;2(1):11–32. [PubMed]
  • Stokes L. Search for better health care in the black community. J Natl Med Assoc. 1978 Oct;70(10):749–752. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association