PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of bmjLink to Publisher's site
 
BMJ. 1995 March 4; 310(6979): 565–567.
PMCID: PMC2548939

Sleep related vehicle accidents.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES--To assess the incidence, time of day, and driver morbidity associated with vehicle accidents where the most likely cause was the driver falling asleep at the wheel. DESIGN--Two surveys were undertaken, in southwest England and the midlands, by using police databases or on the spot interviews. SUBJECTS--Drivers involved in 679 sleep related vehicle accidents. RESULTS--Of all vehicle accidents to which the police were summoned, sleep related vehicle accidents comprised 16% on major roads in southwest England, and over 20% on midland motorways. During the 24 hour period there were three major peaks: at around 0200, 0600, and 1600. About half these drivers were men under 30 years; few such accidents involved women. CONCLUSIONS--Sleep related vehicle accidents are largely dependent on the time of day and account for a considerable proportion of vehicle accidents, especially those on motorways and other monotonous roads. As there are no norms for the United Kingdom on road use by age and sex for time of day with which to compare these data, we cannot determine what the hourly exposure v risk factors are for these subgroups. The findings are in close agreement with those from other countries.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (745K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Langlois PH, Smolensky MH, Hsi BP, Weir FW. Temporal patterns of reported single-vehicle car and truck accidents in Texas, U.S.A. during 1980-1983. Chronobiol Int. 1985;2(2):131–140. [PubMed]
  • Mitler MM, Carskadon MA, Czeisler CA, Dement WC, Dinges DF, Graeber RC. Catastrophes, sleep, and public policy: consensus report. Sleep. 1988 Feb;11(1):100–109. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Brendel DH, Reynolds CF, 3rd, Jennings JR, Hoch CC, Monk TH, Berman SR, Hall FT, Buysse DJ, Kupfer DJ. Sleep stage physiology, mood, and vigilance responses to total sleep deprivation in healthy 80-year-olds and 20-year-olds. Psychophysiology. 1990 Nov;27(6):677–685. [PubMed]
  • Leger D. The cost of sleep-related accidents: a report for the National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research. Sleep. 1994 Feb;17(1):84–93. [PubMed]

Articles from BMJ : British Medical Journal are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group