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Logo of brjsmedBritish Journal of Sports MedicineVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
Br J Sports Med. 2007 August; 41(8): 480.
PMCID: PMC2465419


This is a high quality review which is long overdue. The authors have included an excellent evaluation of the quality of papers selected for review process and very good criteria of selected variables. It is surprising that there is no inclusion of the strength of either core or hip abduction such as iliotibial band (ITB) injuries, knee injuries or possibly achilles injuries. The study allowed evaluation of location but not specific diagnosis. There is a good discussion of age and gender but not much on the role of downhill running, which is often attributed to knee injury (ITB, patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and patellar tendinosis). There is also a good discussion of previous injury, which has been highlighted recently, but not the degree of rehabilitation from previous injury. Recent biomechanical analysis points to a synchronous coupling of the lower extremity, related to the shoe and orthotic—that is, a loss of variability and capability to adapt to the surface as a factor in PFPS. See Ryan, MacLean and Taunton's latest review in Int Sports Med J.1

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