Table 1 presents the exercise performance measures as mean (SD) 10 and 20 m sprint times, total 10 and 20 m sprint time, and % decline in 10 and 20 m sprint times. The total distance covered during the recovery bouts is also shown. Analysis indicated no significant differences (p>0.05) and small ES between conditions (Skins, Adidas, UA or control) for mean and total 10 m or 20 m sprint time or % decline in 10 m or 20 m sprint time and total submaximal distance covered.
Table 1Mean (SD) 10 m time, total 10 m sprint time, % decline in 10 m sprint time, 20 m sprint time, total 20 m sprint time, % decline in 20 m sprint time and total distance covered (more ...)
Distance in throw test performance is reported in table 2 as mean (SD) pre‐exercise and postexercise maximum throw, total distance for all throws (pre‐exercise and postexercise), % decline in respective tests and total % decline from pre‐exercise to post‐exercise for all conditions. Analysis indicated no significant differences (p>0.05) and small ES between all conditions for all maximal throwing performance measures, apart from a moderate‐to‐large ES for the total % decline for the Adidas condition.
Table 2Mean (SD) premaximal and postmaximal distance throw (DT), pretotal and post‐total distance thrown (total of five throws), % decline within pre‐DT and post‐DT, and overall decline in DT from pretest to post‐test (more ...)
Figure 1 outlines AT test results for all conditions, including the mean scores for individual throws, total score and time to complete all throws for the pre‐, 10 min, 20 min and 30 min AT test. Analysis indicated no significant differences (p>0.05) for the accuracy score of individual throws, total accuracy score or time to complete AT test between conditions. ES analysis indicated a moderate effect of improved throw accuracy performance in the UA condition at 10 and 20 min.
Figure 1(A) Mean individual throw score, (B) total score and (C) time to complete all throws for the accuracy throw test (2×10 m, 2×20 m and 2×30 m) for all conditions. UA, Under Armour.
Table 3 presents the results for mean (SD) heart rate, predifference to postdifference in body mass, Tsk, postexercise RPE, average RPE, postexercise and 24 h postexercise rating of MSA and MSL, respectively. Analysis indicated no significant differences (p>0.05) and small ES between conditions for mean heart rate (fig 2), difference in mass or RPE measures. A significantly lower Tsk (p<0.05 and large ES) was observed in the control condition compared with the respective compression garment conditions (fig 3). A significantly higher rating of MSA and MSL 24 h after exercise (p<0.05 and large ES) was reported in the control condition compared with the three garment conditions, with no significant difference between the garment conditions. All pre‐exercise ratings of MS had returned to 0 for all conditions.
Table 3Mean (SD) heart rate, difference in body mass, mean skin temperature, rating of perceived exertion (RPE) at 30 min, average exercise RPE, rating of muscle soreness for legs and arms post‐testing and 24 h postexercise (more ...)
Figure 2Mean heart rate response throughout the exercise protocol for Skins, Adidas, Under Armour (UA) and control conditions.
Figure 3Mean skin temperature throughout the exercise protocol for Skins, Adidas, Under Armour (UA) and control conditions in a cool environment. *Compression garment conditions significantly different from control condition (p<0.05). (more ...)
Table 4 presents the mean (SD) pre‐exercise and postexercise capillary blood measures of [La−], pH, sO2, pO2 and CK. Analysis indicated no significant difference (p>0.05) and trivial ES between any condition for [La−], pH, sO2 and pO2. Analysis of CK data indicated significantly lower (p<0.05) CK values 24 h after exercise in the Skins and UA conditions when compared with the control condition. Large ES data were observed for all three compression garment conditions when compared with the control condition, indicating that CK values were lower 24 h after exercise.
Table 4Mean (SD) pre‐exercise and postexercise measures of blood lactate concentration, pH, oxygen saturation of haemoglobin partial pressure of oxygen and pre‐exercise and 24 h postexercise and % change in creatine (more ...)