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Retrovirus receptors remain a largely unexplored group of proteins. Of the receptors which allow infection of human and murine cells by various retroviruses, only three have been identified at the molecular level. These receptors include CD4 for human immunodeficiency virus, Rec-1 for murine ecotropic virus, and GLVR1 for gibbon ape leukemia virus. These three proteins show no homology to one another at the DNA or protein level. Therefore, work to date has not shown any general relationship or structural theme shared by retroviral receptors. Genes for two of these receptors (CD4 and Rec-1) and several others which have not yet been cloned have been localized to specific chromosomes. In order to assess the relationship between GLVR1 and other retroviral receptors, we mapped the chromosome location of GLVR1 in human and mouse. GLVR1 was found to map to human chromosome 2q11-q14 by in situ hybridization and somatic-cell hybrid analysis. This location is distinct from those known for receptors for retroviruses infecting human cells. Glvr-1 was then mapped in the mouse by interspecies backcrosses and found to map to chromosome 2 in a region of linkage conservation with human chromosome 2. This mouse chromosome carries Rec-2, the likely receptor for M813, a retrovirus derived from a feral Asian mouse. These data raise the interesting possibility that Rec-2 and Glvr-1 are structurally related.