Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of postmedjPostgraduate Medical JournalVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
Postgrad Med J. 1996 June; 72(848): 349–351.
PMCID: PMC2398496

Changes in haemodynamic parameters following Tai Chi Chuan and aerobic exercise in patients recovering from acute myocardial infarction.


In this study, 126 patients (90 males, average age 56 years, range 39-80) were randomised to Wu Chian-Ch'uan style Tai Chi (38), aerobic exercise (41) or a non-exercise support group (47) following acute myocardial infarction. Patients attended twice weekly for three weeks then weekly for a further five weeks. Heart rate and blood pressure were recorded before and after each session. Over the 11 sessions of exercise there was a negative trend in diastolic blood pressure only in the Tai Chi group (Rs = 0.79, p < 0.01). Significant trends in systolic blood pressure occurred in both exercise groups (Rs = 0.64 and 0.63, both p < 0.05). Only four (8%) patients completed the support group eight-week programme which was less than the number completing Tai Chi (82%; p < 0.001) and aerobic exercise groups (73%; p < 0.001).

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (506K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Rowley JM, Hill JD, Hampton JR, Mitchell JR. Early reporting of myocardial infarction: impact of an experiment in patient education. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1982 Jun 12;284(6331):1741–1746. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • O'Connor GT, Buring JE, Yusuf S, Goldhaber SZ, Olmstead EM, Paffenbarger RS, Jr, Hennekens CH. An overview of randomized trials of rehabilitation with exercise after myocardial infarction. Circulation. 1989 Aug;80(2):234–244. [PubMed]
  • Channer KS. Choosing drugs for secondary prevention after myocardial infarction: a pragmatic approach. Postgrad Med J. 1995 Jun;71(836):321–322. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Shanfield SB. Return to work after an acute myocardial infarction: a review. Heart Lung. 1990 Mar;19(2):109–117. [PubMed]
  • Silverstone PH. Depression and outcome in acute myocardial infarction. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987 Jan 24;294(6566):219–220. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lai JS, Wong MK, Lan C, Chong CK, Lien IN. Cardiorespiratory responses of Tai Chi Chuan practitioners and sedentary subjects during cycle ergometry. J Formos Med Assoc. 1993 Oct;92(10):894–899. [PubMed]
  • Mittleman MA, Maclure M, Tofler GH, Sherwood JB, Goldberg RJ, Muller JE. Triggering of acute myocardial infarction by heavy physical exertion. Protection against triggering by regular exertion. Determinants of Myocardial Infarction Onset Study Investigators. N Engl J Med. 1993 Dec 2;329(23):1677–1683. [PubMed]
  • Todd IC, Ballantyne D. Antianginal efficacy of exercise training: a comparison with beta blockade. Br Heart J. 1990 Jul;64(1):14–19. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Goble AJ, Hare DL, Macdonald PS, Oliver RG, Reid MA, Worcester MC. Effect of early programmes of high and low intensity exercise on physical performance after transmural acute myocardial infarction. Br Heart J. 1991 Mar;65(3):126–131. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Postgraduate Medical Journal are provided here courtesy of BMJ Publishing Group