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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • HILL AB. Medical ethics and controlled trials. Br Med J. 1963 Apr 20;1(5337):1043–1049. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Collier J. Confusion over use of placebos in clinical trials. BMJ. 1995 Sep 30;311(7009):821–822. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Jones B, Jarvis P, Lewis JA, Ebbutt AF. Trials to assess equivalence: the importance of rigorous methods. BMJ. 1996 Jul 6;313(7048):36–39. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Turner JA, Deyo RA, Loeser JD, Von Korff M, Fordyce WE. The importance of placebo effects in pain treatment and research. JAMA. 1994 May 25;271(20):1609–1614. [PubMed]
  • Rothman KJ, Michels KB. The continuing unethical use of placebo controls. N Engl J Med. 1994 Aug 11;331(6):394–398. [PubMed]
  • Freedman B. Equipoise and the ethics of clinical research. N Engl J Med. 1987 Jul 16;317(3):141–145. [PubMed]

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