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The cyclin D-dependent kinases CDK4 and CDK6 trigger phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein (RB) late in G1 phase, helping to cancel its growth-suppressive function and thereby facilitating S-phase entry. Although specific inhibition of cyclin D-dependent kinase activity in vivo can prevent cells from entering S phase, it does not affect S-phase entry in cells lacking functional RB, implying that RB may be the only substrate of CDK4 and CDK6 whose phosphorylation is necessary for G1 exit. Using a yeast two-hybrid interactive screen, we have now isolated a novel cyclin D-interacting myb-like protein (designated DMP1), which binds specifically to the nonamer DNA consensus sequences CCCG(G/T)ATGT to activate transcription. A subset of these DMP1 recognition sequences containing a GGA trinucleotide core can also function as Ets-responsive elements. DMP1 mRNA and protein are ubiquitously expressed throughout the cell cycle in mouse tissues and in representative cell lines. DMP1 binds to D-type cyclins directly in vitro and when coexpressed in insect Sf9 cells. In both settings, it can be phosphorylated by cyclin D-dependent kinases, suggesting that its transcriptional activity may normally be regulated through such mechanisms. These results raise the possibility that cyclin D-dependent kinases regulate gene expression in an RB independent manner, thereby serving to link other genetic programs to the cell cycle clock.