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Mol Cell Biol. Mar 1996; 16(3): 960–967.
PMCID: PMC231078
Identification of Prp40, a novel essential yeast splicing factor associated with the U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle.
H Y Kao and P G Siliciano
Department of Biochemistry and Institute of Human Genetics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455, USA.
Abstract
We have used suppressor genetics to identify factors that interact with Saccharomyces cerevisiae U1 small nuclear RNA (snRNA). In this way, we isolated PRP40-1, a suppressor that restores growth at 18 degrees C to a strain bearing a cold-sensitive mutation in U1 RNA. A gene disruption experiment shows that PRP40 is an essential gene. To study the role of PRP40 in splicing, we created a pool of temperature-sensitive prp40 strains. Primer extension analysis of intron-containing transcripts in prp40 temperature-sensitive strains reveals a splicing defect, indicating that Prp40 plays a direct role in pre-mRNA splicing. In addition, U1 RNA coimmunoprecipitates with Pro40, indicating that Prp40 is bound to the U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle in vivo. Therefore, we conclude that PRP40 encodes a novel, essential splicing component that associates with the yeast U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle.
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