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J Clin Microbiol. 1997 July; 35(7): 1656–1660.
PMCID: PMC229816

A subtype-specific peptide-based enzyme immunoassay for detection of antibodies to the G protein of human respiratory syncytial virus is more sensitive than routine serological tests.

Abstract

Peptides deduced from the central conserved region (residues 158 to 189) of protein G of human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) subtypes A and B were used as antigens in subtype-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (G-peptide ELISAs). These G-peptide ELISAs were compared with seven other serological assays to detect HRSV infection: ELISAs based on complete protein G, on fusion protein F, and on nucleoprotein N; a complement fixation assay; a virus neutralization test; and ELISAs for the detection of immunoglobulin A (IgA) or IgM antibodies specific for HRSV. In paired serum samples from patients with HRSV infection, more infections were diagnosed by the G-peptide ELISA (67%) than by all other serological tests combined (48%). Furthermore, for 16 of 18 patients (89%), the G-peptide ELISAs were able to differentiate between antibodies against HRSV subtypes A and B. This study shows that peptides corresponding to the central conserved region of the attachment protein G of HRSV can successfully be used as antigens in immunoassays. The G-peptide ELISA appeared to be more sensitive than conventional tests for the detection of HRSV antibody titer rises.


Articles from Journal of Clinical Microbiology are provided here courtesy of American Society for Microbiology (ASM)