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The ribosome-inactivating proteins, bryodin, from Bryonia dioica, and momordin, from Momordica charantia, were coupled by a disulphide bond to a monoclonal anti-Thy 1.1 antibody (OX7). Both immunotoxins were specifically cytotoxic to the Thy 1.1-expressing mouse lymphoma cell line AKR-A in vitro. The OX7-bryodin immunotoxins were the more powerfully toxic and reduced protein synthesis in AKR-A cells by 50% at a concentration of 1-4 x 10(-11) M as compared with 1 x 10(-9) M for the OX7-momordin immunotoxins. Neither of the immunotoxins was toxic to mouse lymphoma EL4 cells, which lack the Thy 1.1 antigen, at concentrations up to 3 x 10(-8) M. Further, bryodin and momordin immunotoxins made from an antibody (R10) of irrelevant specificity were without effect on AKR-A cells.