Three new human lambda L chain-like Ig genes are identified by restriction enzyme and nucleotide sequence analysis. Two genes, 14.1 and 16.1, have intact J and C regions, and are potentially functional, with open reading frames. A third gene, 18.1, is a pseudogene. The evolutionary lineage of these genes compared to the known functional locus lambda C1-lambda C6 can be surmised from Southern blot and nucleotide homologies. This study demonstrates that the human lambda gene family is more complex than previously recognized.