PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of anesthprogLink to Publisher's site
 
Anesth Prog. 1986 Sep-Oct; 33(5): 220–224.
PMCID: PMC2177487

Development of an Interval Scale of Anxiety Response

Abstract

This paper reports the development of an interval scale of anxiety response. Magnitude estimation procedures were used with three different groups of subjects to develop a suitable scale of seven anxiety descriptors. The ratio of the highest to lowest descriptor magnitudes was 21 to 1. Analyses of the descriptor sets in the various groups indicated high reliability of meaning and high objectivity. In addition, high agreement on meaning was shown for groups of differing education and socioeconomic status. A preliminary study using the scale indicates appropriate preliminary construct validity. Further reliability and validity research is needed. This scale may be useful for assessing anxiety response changes in a variety of contexts.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (929K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Corah NL, O'Shea RM, Bissell GD. The dentist-patient relationship: perceptions by patients of dentist behavior in relation to satisfaction and anxiety. J Am Dent Assoc. 1985 Sep;111(3):443–446. [PubMed]
  • Gracely RH, McGrath F, Dubner R. Ratio scales of sensory and affective verbal pain descriptors. Pain. 1978 Jun;5(1):5–18. [PubMed]
  • McGrath PA. Measurement issues in research on dental fears and anxiety. Anesth Prog. 1986 Jan-Feb;33(1):43–46. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Corah NL. Methodological needs and behavioral research with adult dental patients. Anesth Prog. 1986 Jan-Feb;33(1):46–49. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Heft MW, Parker SR. An experimental basis for revising the graphic rating scale for pain. Pain. 1984 Jun;19(2):153–161. [PubMed]
  • STEVENS SS. On the psychophysical law. Psychol Rev. 1957 May;64(3):153–181. [PubMed]
  • Watson D, Tellegen A. Toward a consensual structure of mood. Psychol Bull. 1985 Sep;98(2):219–235. [PubMed]
  • Scott J, Huskisson EC. Graphic representation of pain. Pain. 1976 Jun;2(2):175–184. [PubMed]

Articles from Anesthesia Progress are provided here courtesy of American Dental Society of Anesthesiology