Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of jroyalcgpracBJGP at RCGPBJGP at PubMed CentralJ R Coll Gen Pract at PubMed CentralRCGP homepage
J R Coll Gen Pract. 1975 December; 25(161): 924–931.
PMCID: PMC2159837

Intra-uterine contraception in general practice


The experience of two general practitioners with 1,041 women attending clinics for intra-uterine contraception is analysed retrospectively. Patients were mainly Health Service patients of the doctors, but some were referred by other general practitioners, by the local authority, and a consultant. Some patients travelled considerable distances. Age varied from 15 to 52 and parity from 0 to 11. The fitting of various devices was usually easy, but patients often complained of symptoms, mostly bleeding, pain, or discharge, the majority of which were amenable to treatment and often were not due to the intra-uterine contraceptive device itself. There was evidence of lowered haemoglobin levels in women using this method for some years.

The retrospective analysis shows follow up, always difficult in contraceptive clinics, to be less than desirable. In planning contraceptive programmes more attention should be given to this subject. Pregnancy occurred in 51 cases and there were four cases of cancer of which one died. There was a further unrelated death from subarachnoid haemorrhage.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (769K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Barley NH. A family planning clinic in general practice. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1973 Sep;23(134):663–664. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Barnard-Jones K. A study of two forms of contraception in general practice. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1973 Sep;23(134):658–662. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Bull MJ. An I.U.C.D. record card. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1973 Sep;23(134):656–657. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Frampton J. Problems associated with the intrauterine method of contraception. Br J Clin Pract. 1967 Jun;21(6):289–292. [PubMed]
  • Fulton DI, Hughes R, Neely MR. Menorrhagia with intrauterine contraceptive devices. J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonw. 1967 Oct;74(5):766–767. [PubMed]
  • Hawkins DF. Intra-uterine contraception. Practitioner. 1970 Jul;205(225):20–29. [PubMed]
  • Howard G. Use of intrauterine devices in nulliparous women. Lancet. 1972 Dec 23;2(7791):1339–1341. [PubMed]
  • Hull FM. Intrauterine contraception in general practice. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1969 Feb;17(79):104–107. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Orr BW, Terry JA. The acceptability of the IUCD. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1971 Apr;21(105):226–229. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Webster FL. Intra-uterine contraceptive devices in general practice. Practitioner. 1971 Jul;207(237):84–90. [PubMed]
  • Zadeh JA, Karabus CD, Fielding J. Haemoglobin concentration and other values in women using an intrauterine device or taking corticosteroid contraceptive pills. Br Med J. 1967 Dec 23;4(5581):708–711. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners are provided here courtesy of Royal College of General Practitioners