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J R Coll Gen Pract. 1976 May; 26(166): 329–336.
PMCID: PMC2158200

A study of bereavement in general practice

Abstract

Forty six bereaved relatives were assessed by a general practitioner four to eight weeks after the bereavement. In 36 (78·3 per cent) the immediate reaction to bereavement was one of numbness or stupefaction; in seven (15·2 per cent) emotional relief occurred; and in three cases (6·5 per cent) there was no obvious immediate reaction. The numbness reaction was limited in duration to a week or less in 31 of the 36 instances.

At four to eight weeks after bereavement 29 (63·0 per cent) of the subjects continued to experience difficulty in coming to terms with their loss. Twenty subjects reported guilt feelings and a similar number expressed aggressive reactions. The bereaved subjects tended to increase their consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, while their appetite and weight tended to be reduced. Thirty six (78·3 per cent) of the subjects reported physical symptoms, notably headache, dizziness, generalised aches, and abdominal complaints.

The most prominent psychological features of bereavement were found to be: preoccupation with thoughts of the deceased, idealisation of the lost person, depressive mood, and loneliness.

The findings are discussed and reference made to the role of the family doctor in the management of bereavement reactions.

Full text

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Levy B. Fatal illness in general practice. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1976 Apr;26(165):303–307. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Manderson WG, Sclare AB. Mental health problems in a student population. Health Bull (Edinb) 1973 Sep;31(5):233–239. [PubMed]
  • PARKES CM. RECENT BEREAVEMENT AS A CAUSE OF MENTAL ILLNESS. Br J Psychiatry. 1964 Mar;110:198–204. [PubMed]
  • PARKES CM. BEREAVEMENT AND MENTAL ILLNESS. 2. A CLASSIFICATION OF BEREAVEMENT REACTIONS. Br J Med Psychol. 1965 Mar;38:13–26. [PubMed]
  • Parkes CM. The first year of bereavement. A longitudinal study of the reaction of London widows to the death of their husbands. Psychiatry. 1970 Nov;33(4):444–467. [PubMed]
  • Parkes CM. Determination of outcome of bereavement. Proc R Soc Med. 1971 Mar;64(3):279–279. [PubMed]
  • Parkes CM, Brown RJ. Health after bereavement. A controlled study of young Boston widows and widowers. Psychosom Med. 1972 Sep-Oct;34(5):449–461. [PubMed]

Articles from The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners are provided here courtesy of Royal College of General Practitioners