PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jbacterPermissionsJournals.ASM.orgJournalJB ArticleJournal InfoAuthorsReviewers
 
J Bacteriol. 1986 March; 165(3): 1033–1036.
PMCID: PMC214535

The genetic determinant of adhesive function in type 1 fimbriae of Escherichia coli is distinct from the gene encoding the fimbrial subunit.

Abstract

The role of type 1 fimbriae in the mannose-sensitive attachment of Escherichia coli to eucaryotic cells was investigated by deletion mutation analysis of a recombinant plasmid, pSH2, carrying the genetic information for the synthesis and expression of functional type 1 fimbriae. A mutant, pUT2002, containing a deletion remote from the structural gene encoding the 17-kilodalton subunit protein of type 1 fimbriae failed to agglutinate guinea pig erythrocytes even though the bacteria expressed fimbriae morphologically and antigenically indistinguishable from those produced by the intact recombinant plasmid. Fimbriae isolated from pUT2002 failed to agglutinate guinea pig erythrocytes, but reacted with a monoclonal antibody specific for quaternary structural determinants of type 1 fimbriae. Moreover, the dissociated fimbrial subunits from this mutant were indistinguishable from normal fimbriae by their migration during electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels, by their reactivity with a monoclonal antibody directed against a subunit-specific epitope, and in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays with monospecific antisera. These results indicate that the adhesive functions in type 1 fimbriae are dependent on a factor(s) encoded by a gene other than those required for synthesis, assembly, and expression of the structural 17-kilodalton subunit.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.9M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Abraham SN, Hasty DL, Simpson WA, Beachey EH. Antiadhesive properties of a quaternary structure-specific hybridoma antibody against type 1 fimbriae of Escherichia coli. J Exp Med. 1983 Oct 1;158(4):1114–1128. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Csonka LN, Clark AJ. Deletions generated by the transposon Tn10 in the srl recA region of the Escherichia coli K-12 chromosome. Genetics. 1979 Oct;93(2):321–343. [PubMed]
  • Eisenstein BI. Phase variation of type 1 fimbriae in Escherichia coli is under transcriptional control. Science. 1981 Oct 16;214(4518):337–339. [PubMed]
  • Hacker J, Schmidt G, Hughes C, Knapp S, Marget M, Goebel W. Cloning and characterization of genes involved in production of mannose-resistant, neuraminidase-susceptible (X) fimbriae from a uropathogenic O6:K15:H31 Escherichia coli strain. Infect Immun. 1985 Feb;47(2):434–440. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lindberg FP, Lund B, Normark S. Genes of pyelonephritogenic E. coli required for digalactoside-specific agglutination of human cells. EMBO J. 1984 May;3(5):1167–1173. [PubMed]
  • Orndorff PE, Falkow S. Organization and expression of genes responsible for type 1 piliation in Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol. 1984 Aug;159(2):736–744. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Bacteriology are provided here courtesy of American Society for Microbiology (ASM)