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The gene coding for the Escherichia coli enzyme 7,8-dihydro-6-hydroxymethylpterin-pyrophosphokinase has been cloned and sequenced. This gene, designated folK, codes for a protein of 159 amino acids, including an amino-terminal methionine. The protein was overexpressed in E. coli MC4100 by cloning the gene behind the lacUV5 promoter in a high-copy-number plasmid. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity. Amino-terminal analysis of the purified protein showed that the amino-terminal methionine had been removed. The compositional molecular mass (17,945 Da) was identical to the molecular mass determined by mass spectrometry. The enzyme was observed to have a large number of proline residues and migrated anomalously in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels, with an apparent molecular mass of 23,000 Da.