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Logo of archdischArchives of Disease in ChildhoodVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
 
Arch Dis Child. Dec 2007; 92(12): 1120–1126.
PMCID: PMC2066088
The use of 3D face shape modelling in dysmorphology
Peter Hammond
Correspondence to: Professor Peter Hammond
Molecular Medicine Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, UK; p.hammond@ich.ucl.ac.uk
Accepted April 26, 2007.
Abstract
Facial appearance can be a significant clue in the initial identification of genetic conditions, but their low incidence limits exposure during training and inhibits the development of skills in recognising the facial “gestalt” characteristic of many dysmorphic syndromes. Here we describe the potential of computer‐based models of three‐dimensional (3D) facial morphology to assist in dysmorphology training, in clinical diagnosis and in multidisciplinary studies of phenotype–genotype correlations.
Keywords: facial dysmorphology, 3D shape models
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