Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of brjcancerBJC HomepageBJC Advance online publicationBJC Current IssueSubmitting an article to BJCWeb feeds
Br J Cancer. 1991 March; 63(3): 358–362.
PMCID: PMC1971850

SR 4233 cytotoxicity and metabolism in DNA repair-competent and repair-deficient cell cultures.


In order to understand in more detail the mechanism underlying the preferential hypoxic cytotoxicity of the benzotriazine N-oxide SR 4233, we have compared the hypoxic cytotoxicity of this drug to the rates of hypoxic metabolism in both DNA double strand break repair-competent and repair-deficient cell cultures. Rodent SCCVII cells and repair deficient, radiation sensitive cells (rodent XR-1, V-3, and human AT5BI) were most sensitive to SR 4233 under hypoxia with a lethal dose needed to kill 50% of cells (LD50) of less than 5 microM. SR 4233 was less cytotoxic to human AG 1522 (LD50 = 18 microM), CHO 4364 (LD50 = 25 microM) and human HT 1080 cells (LD50 = 33 microM). The sensitivities to SR 4233 were found to be inversely proportional to the rates of SR 4233 metabolism in repair-competent cells (R2 = 0.9). However, XR-1 and V-3 cells were more sensitive to SR 4233 than predicted by the metabolism rate. Thus, the toxicity by SR 4233 towards hypoxic cells appears to result from two mechanisms; the rate of drug metabolism and the ability to repair DNA double strand breaks.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (828K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page.

Articles from British Journal of Cancer are provided here courtesy of Cancer Research UK