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J Bacteriol. 1994 November; 176(21): 6583–6589.
PMCID: PMC197013

Structure and transcriptional regulation of the Escherichia coli adaptive response gene aidB.

Abstract

Expression of the Escherichia coli aidB gene is induced in vivo by alkylation damage in an ada-dependent pathway and by anaerobiosis or by acetate at pH 6.5 in an ada-independent fashion. In this report, we present data on aidB gene structure, function, and regulation. The aidB gene encodes a protein of ca. 60 kDa that is homologous to several mammalian acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenases. Accordingly, crude extracts from an aidB-overexpressing strain showed isovaleryl coenzyme A dehydrogenase activity. aidB overexpression also reduced N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine-induced mutagenesis. Both ada- and acetate/pH-dependent induction of aidB are regulated at the transcriptional level, and the same transcriptional start point is used for both kinds of induction. Ada protein plays a direct role in aidB regulation: methylated Ada is able to bind to the aidB promoter region and to activate transcription from aidB in an in vitro transcription-translation system using crude E. coli extracts.

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