PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jroyalcgpracBJGP at RCGPBJGP at PubMed CentralJ R Coll Gen Pract at PubMed CentralRCGP homepage
 
J R Coll Gen Pract. 1986 December; 36(293): 560–563.
PMCID: PMC1960662

Job-loss and morbidity: the influence of job-tenure and previous work history

Abstract

As part of a longitudinal study on the consequences of job-loss on health the modifying influence of job-tenure on a group of factory workers made redundant when a meat products factory closed was examined. The older workers, both men and women, were divided into two groups which were comparable in all respects except for job-tenure. Statistically significant differences in morbidity were found when comparing the two groups of male employees and their families.

However, the men with longer job-tenure (mean 30 years) had, with few exceptions, served the company since leaving school. All of the other men (mean job-tenure 11 years) had previously worked elsewhere or been unemployed. The uptake of medical services before and after factory closure was therefore compared in two groups of workers and their families. One group who had previous experience of the job market showed a significant rise in morbidity only during the unsettling three years before factory closure. The other group, whose working lives had been spent wholly with the company, showed only a slight anticipatory effect but then demonstrated statistically significant increases in consultation rates after job-loss. Three years later they still showed no signs of adapting to their situation.

The results suggest that previous experience of having no job or of having to change jobs may be just as influential as job tenure on the outcome of health before and after compulsory redundancy.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (972K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • FISHER AL. PSYCHIATRIC FOLLOW-UP OF LONG-TERM INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYEES SUBSEQUENT TO PLANT CLOSURE. Int J Neuropsychiatry. 1965 May-Jun;1:267–274. [PubMed]
  • Gore S. The effect of social support in moderating the health consequences of unemployment. J Health Soc Behav. 1978 Jun;19(2):157–165. [PubMed]
  • Kasl SV, Gore S, Cobb S. The experience of losing a job: reported changes in health, symptoms and illness behavior. Psychosom Med. 1975 Mar-Apr;37(2):106–122. [PubMed]
  • Beale N, Nethercott S. Job-loss and family morbidity: a study of a factory closure. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1985 Nov;35(280):510–514. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Beale N, Nethercott S. Job-loss and health--the influence of age and previous morbidity. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1986 Jun;36(287):261–264. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Beale N, Nethercott S. Job-loss and morbidity in a group of employees nearing retirement age. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1986 Jun;36(287):265–266. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Dooley D, Catalano R, Jackson R, Brownell A. Economic, life, and symptom changes in a nonmetropolitan community. J Health Soc Behav. 1981 Jun;22(2):144–154. [PubMed]
  • Ahr PR, Gorodezky MJ, Cho DW. Measuring the relationship of public psychiatric admissions to rising unemployment. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1981 Jun;32(6):398–401. [PubMed]
  • Krause N, Stryker S. Stress and well-being: the buffering role of locus of control beliefs. Soc Sci Med. 1984;18(9):783–790. [PubMed]

Articles from The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners are provided here courtesy of Royal College of General Practitioners