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Logo of jroyalcgpracBJGP at RCGPBJGP at PubMed CentralJ R Coll Gen Pract at PubMed CentralRCGP homepage
J R Coll Gen Pract. 1986 April; 36(285): 161–164.
PMCID: PMC1960420

Smoking in pregnancy — a health education problem


The smoking habits and knowledge and demographic characteristics of 380 pregnant patients in Belfast were investigated. Over half of the women smoked but only 11.5% stopped smoking after becoming pregnant in spite of the fact that almost 65% of them knew that smoking could have an effect on the baby. The study showed that some smokers changed their attitude to smoking before and after delivery and that little effort is being made by general practitioners to dissuade their antenatal patients from smoking. More emphasis on health education for school children is required and also more individual effort on the part of health professionals to dissuade women from smoking, especially when they are pregnant.

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Selected References

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  • Butler NR, Goldstein H, Ross EM. Cigarette smoking in pregnancy: its influence on birth weight and perinatal mortality. Br Med J. 1972 Apr 15;2(5806):127–130. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Butler NR, Goldstein H. Smoking in pregnancy and subsequent child development. Br Med J. 1973 Dec 8;4(5892):573–575. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Graham H. Smoking in pregnancy: the attitudes of expectant mothers. Soc Sci Med. 1976 Jul-Aug;10(7-8):399–405. [PubMed]
  • Dalton ER, Hughes CA, Cogswell JJ. Cigarette smoking in pregnancy: a health education problem. Public Health. 1981 Jul;95(4):207–214. [PubMed]

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