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Heart. 2007 June; 93(6): 697.
PMCID: PMC1955186

Metastatic squamous cell carcinoma causing right ventricular outflow tract obstruction

A 50‐year‐old woman presented with two syncopal episodes 7 months after resection of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the base of the mouth. Investigation for metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis was negative. She had been immunosuppressed for 19 years with azathioprine and prednisolone after renal transplantation. A new loud ejection systolic murmur was noted in the pulmonary area.

Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large mass (6×5 cm) attached to the right ventricular wall and extending into the main pulmonary artery, obliterating the right ventricular cavity (panels A and B). Coronary angiography showed neovascularisation from the right coronary artery (panels C). Computed tomographic scan of the chest showed the mass extensively involving the ventricular wall, as well as probable tumour emboli in the right pulmonary artery (panel D). Transvenous biopsy of the mass confirmed SCC. The patient started receiving radiotherapy, but died 6 days later.later.

figure ht91611.f1
(A,B) Transthoracic echocardiograms. Large mass in right ventricle (RV) obstructing right ventricular outflow tract. LA, left atrium; PA, pulmonary artery; RA, right atrium.
figure ht91611.f2
(C) Coronary angiogram—left anterior oblique view of the right coronary artery showing neovascularisation (arrows). (D) Computed tomography angiogram of the chest. Large right ventricular (RV) mass and evidence of likely tumour embolus to the ...

Cardiac metastatic disease has been reported in up to 8% of patients who die from cancer, although it rarely results in clinical symptomatology. In particular, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction from SCC is extremely rare. We postulate that the patient's immunosuppression may have contributed to aggressive tumour progression.

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