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Br J Gen Pract. 2006 December 1; 56(533): 971.
PMCID: PMC1934066

Childhood obesity

Scott Brown is right to draw attention to the absence of primary care involvement in the problem of childhood obesity.1 In our flagship university-linked research & teaching practice, awarded Beacon status for clinical excellence, we are barely registering the extent and seriousness of obesity in children, let alone responding to it. In August 2006 we had 2748 patients aged 0–16 years, with BMI measurements recorded for just 128 (4.6%). In 2005 13 children had obesity documented in their records as an active problem, of whom five were brought by parents because of their weight, and four others presented with problems potentially linked to their weight — asthma, joint pains, snoring. Five were referred to a paediatrician or a dietician, and nine were followed up during the year by their usual doctor. Nine had one parent with a BMI over 25 (three were obese), and in six both parents were overweight.

While GPs are described as having ‘a pivotal role’ in tackling an epidemic that, on conservative estimates, will result in a fifth of boys and a third of girls in this country being obese by 2020,2 there is little evidence that interventions based in primary care work.3 The SIGN guidelines recommend that weight maintenance is the most realistic goal for most obese children (rather than weight reduction), and that weight management programmes for those not ready to change are likely to be time consuming, futile and possibly even harmful. Our apparent unawareness of obesity in children may not be so negligent after all.

One problem is that obesity is not as easy to understand as a risk factor as, say, smoking or hypertension. Its epidemiology varies according to socioeconomic and cultural conditions, with obesity a feature of the rich in poor countries and the poor in rich countries, while in many middle-ranking economies almost half of all households have both obese and thin members.4 Obesity looks set to be one aspect of the polarisation of UK society, with the potential for interventions (however complex, multifaceted and social) being ineffectual or possibly even counterproductive. Before QOF targets are set in stone for childhood obesity, we must be sure that we are not being set up to fail.

REFERENCES

1. Brown S. The heart of the matter: the case for taking childhood obesity seriously. Br J Gen Pract. 2006;56:710–717. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
2. British Medical Association. Preventing childhood obesity. London: BMA; 2005.
3. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. Management of obesity in children and young people. Section 5.1: Treatment of childhood obesity. www.sign.ac.uk/guidelines/fulltext/69/section5.html (accessed 9 Nov 2006)
4. Department of Health. Foresight. Tackling obesities: future choices project. http://www.foresight.gov.uk/Obesity/Obesity.htm (accessed 9 Nov 2006)

Articles from The British Journal of General Practice are provided here courtesy of Royal College of General Practitioners