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FORD FR, CLARK D. Thrombosis of the basilar artery with softenings in the cerebellum and brain stem due to manipulation of the neck; a report of two cases with one post-mortem examination, reasons are given to prove that damage to the vertebral arteries is responsible. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp. 1956 Jan;98(1):37–42.[PubMed]
GREEN D, JOYNT RJ. Vascular accidents to the brain stem associated with neck manipulation. J Am Med Assoc. 1959 May 30;170(5):522–524.[PubMed]
KUNKLE EC, MULLER JC, ODOM GL. Traumatic brain-stem thrombosis: report of a case and analysis of the mechanism of injury. Ann Intern Med. 1952 May;36(5):1329–1335.[PubMed]
REID JD. Effects of flexion-extension movements of the head and spine upon the spinal cord and nerve roots. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1960 Aug;23:214–221.[PMC free article][PubMed]
SMITH RA, ESTRIDGE MN. Neurologic complications of head and neck manipulations. JAMA. 1962 Nov 3;182:528–531.[PubMed]
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