1. Markowitz G, Rosner D. Deceit and denial: the deadly politics of industrial pollution. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press; 2002.
2. Michaels D, Monforton C, Lurie P. Selected science: an industry campaign to undermine an OSHA hexavalent chromium standard. Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source [serial online] 2006;5:5. [cited 2006 Mar 20]. Also available from: URL: http://www.ehjournal.net/content/5/1/5. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 3. Bohme SR, Zorabedian J, Egilman DS. Maximizing profit and endangering health: corporate strategies to avoid litigation and regulation. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2005;11:338–48. [PubMed]
4. Hearings before the United Sates Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. In the matter of proposed standard for occupational exposure to inorganic arsenic. (1975 Apr 14) (Statement of Simon D. Strauss, Executive Vice President of ASARCO.) Arsenic Docket, H037A, Exhibit 29-D, Department of Labor Docket Office.
5. Department of Health and Human Services (US); National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Criteria for a recommended standard: occupational exposure to inorganic arsenic (new criteria—1975) 1975 Publication No. 75-149.
8. Report on carcinogens. eleventh edition. Atlanta: Department of Health and Human Services (US), Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program; 2005. Substance profiles: arsenic compounds, inorganic.
10. Mead MN. Arsenic: in search of an antidote to a global poison. Environ Health Perspect. 2005;113:A378–86. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
11. Arsenic in drinking water: 2001 update. Washington: National Academies Press; 2001.
12. Mastin JP. Environmental cardiovascular disease. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2005;5:91–4. [PubMed] 13. Hopenhayn-Rich C, Browning SR, Hertz-Picciotto I, Ferreccio C, Peralta C, Gibb H. Chronic arsenic exposure and risk of infant mortality in two areas of Chile. Environ Health Perspect. 2000;108:667–73. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 14. Greenberg M, Selikoff IJ. Lung cancer in the Schneeberg mines: a reappraisal of the data reported by Harting and Hesse in 1879. Ann Occup Hyg. 1993;37:5–14. [PubMed] 15. Hill AB, Faning EL. Studies in the incidence of cancer in a factory handling inorganic compounds of arsenic. Brit J Indus Med. 1948;5(Part 1):1–6. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
16. Roth F. The sequelae of chronic arsenic poisoning in Moselle vintners. German Medical Monthly. 1957;2:172–5.
17. Osburn HS. Cancer of the lung in Gwanda. Cent Afr J Med. 1957;3:215–23. [PubMed] 18. Wagoner JK, Miller RW, Lundin FE, Jr., Fraumeni JF, Jr., Haij ME. Unusual cancer mortality among a group of underground metal miners. N Engl J Med. 1963;269:284–9. [PubMed] 19. Lee AM, Fraumeni JF., Jr. Arsenic and respiratory cancer in man: an occupational study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1969;42:1045–52. [PubMed]
20. Loebenstein JR. Department of the Interior (US) The materials flow of arsenic in the United States. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 9382. 1994
21. K.W. Nelson to D.H. Soutar, Vice President, Industrial Relations, ASARCO (1968 Sep 11). Wing v ASARCO, 114 F.3d 986 (9th Cir 1997)
22. Snegireff LS, Lombard OM. Arsenic and cancer: observations in the metallurgical industry. AMA Arch Ind Hyg Occup Med. 1951;4:199–205. [PubMed]
23. Y.E. Lebedeff to Dr. A.J. Phillips, ASARCO Central Research Laboratories, South Plainfield, NJ. Memo: arsenic and cancer (1959 Oct 27). Wing v ASARCO, 114 F.3d 986 (9th Cir 1997)
24. Y.E. Lebedeff to Dr. S.S. Pinto (1959 Oct 28). Wing v ASARCO, 114 F.3d 986 (9th Cir 1997)
25. The Delaney Clause of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938, 21 U.S.C. Sec. 408 and 409, as amended by the Food Additives Amendment of 1958.
26. Pinto SS, Bennett BM. Effect of arsenic trioxide exposure on mortality. Arch Environ Health. 1963;7:583–91. [PubMed]
28. Franseen CC, Taylor GW. Arsenical keratoses and carcinomas. Am J Cancer. 1934;22:287–307.
30. Heuper WC. Public Health Monograph No. 36. Public Health Service Publication No. 452. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1955. A quest into the environmental causes of cancer of the lung; pp. 27–9.
31. 40 Federal Register 3392-3404 (1975 Jan 21)
32. Webster SH. Public Health Rep. 1941. The lead and arsenic content of urines from 46 persons with no known exposure to lead or arsenic; pp. 1953–61.
33. Washington: Department of Health and Human Services (US), National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health; 1974. Criteria for a recommended standard: occupational exposure to inorganic arsenic. NIOSH Publication No. 74-110.
34. Hine CH, Pinto SS, Nelson KW. Medical problems associated with arsenic exposure. J Occup Med. 1977;19:391–6. [PubMed] 35. Mabuchi K, Lilienfeld AM, Snell LM. Lung cancer among pesticide workers exposed to inorganic arsenicals. Arch Environ Health. 1979;34:312–20. Allied Chemical Company study subsequently published as. [PubMed] 36. Rencher AC, Carter MW, McKee DW. A retrospective epidemiological study of mortality at a large western copper smelter. J Occup Med. 1977;19:754–8. Kennecott Copper Company study subsequently published as. [PubMed] 37. Ott MG, Holder BB, Gordon HL. Respiratory cancer and occupational exposure to arsenicals. Arch Environ Health. 1974;29:250–5. Dow Chemical Company study subsequently published as. [PubMed]
38. Summary of testimony American Smelting and Refining Company. OSHA fact finding hearing on inorganic arsenic (1974 Sep 20) Wing v ASARCO, 114 F.3d 986 (9th Cir 1997)
39. Blejer HP, Wagner W. Inorganic arsenic—ambient level approach to the control of occupational cancerigenic exposures. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1976;271:179–86. [PubMed]
40. Milham S, Strong T. Human arsenic exposure in relation to a copper smelter. Environ Res. 1974;7:176–82.
41. C.H. Hine MD, PhD, to Mr. Kenneth W. Nelson (1972 Oct 25). Wing v ASARCO, 114 F.3d 986 (9th Cir 1997)
42. John A. Beare, MD, to Armand Labbe, Tacoma Smelter Manager (1976 Oct 8). American Lung Association of Washington Records, University of Washington Libraries, Seattle, WA. Accession Number 5271-001 Box 3 Folder 56.
43. Milham S. Community exposure studies and smelter worker mortality studies as related to a copper smelter. In: Carnow BW, editor. Health effects of occupational lead and arsenic exposure: a symposium. Washington: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (US), Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; 1976. pp. 300–6.
44. Newman JA, Archer VE, Saccomanno G, Kuschner M, Auerbach O, Grondahl RD, et al. Histologic types of bronchogenic carcinoma among members of copper-mining and smelting communities. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1976;271:260–8. [PubMed] 45. Blot WJ, Fraumeni JF., Jr. Arsenical air pollution and lung cancer. Lancet. 1975;26:142–4. [PubMed]
46. Hearings before the United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. In the matter of proposed standard for occupational exposure to inorganic arsenic (1975 Apr 8) (Statement of Edward J. Baier, Acting Director, NIOSH.) ASARCO Smelter Facility Site File. Environmental Protection Agency, Region X. Seattle, WA. Microfilm ASA 214.
47. K.W. Nelson to John H. Stender, Assistant Secretary of Labor, Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (US) (1975 Apr 2). Arsenic Docket H037A, Exhibit 3-Z. Department of Labor Docket Office.
48. Pinto SS, Enterline PE, Henderson V, Varner MO. Mortality experience in relation to a measured arsenic trioxide exposure. Environ Health Perspect. 1977;19:127–30. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
49. Hearings before the United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. In the matter of proposed standard for occupational exposure to inorganic arsenic (1975 Apr 16). (Statement of Kenneth W. Nelson.) Arsenic Docket, H037A, Exhibit 29-P, Department of Labor Docket Office.
50. Welch K, Higgins I, Oh M, Burchfiel C. Arsenic exposure, smoking, and respiratory cancer in copper smelter workers. Arch Environ Health. 1982;37:325–35. [PubMed]
51. ASARCO v OSHA, 746 F.2d 483 (9th Cir 1984)
52. Boxenberger R. Strict federal arsenic limit could close Ruston smelter. Tacoma News Tribune. 1975 Oct 21;:A-20.
53. Pollution rules may force ASARCO to shut smelter. Chemical Week, Business Newsletter. 1975 Oct 29;:11.
54. OSHA softens arsenic exposure standard. Chemical Week. 1978 May 10;:18.
55. Milham S. Occupational Safety and Health Symposia, 1977. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; 1978. Industrial toxins and the community: arsenic contamination near a copper smelter. Publication No. 78-169.
56. Environmental Protection Agency (US) Research Triangle Park (NC): Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Office of Air and Waste Management; 1976. Jul, Air pollution assessment report on arsenic strategies and air standards. ASARCO Smelter Facility Site File. EPA Region X, Seattle, WA. Microfilm ASA 212.
57. Rabovsky J. Are separate standards for occupational and environmental exposures good public health policy? New Solut. 2005;15:211–9. [PubMed] 58. Enterline PE, Henderson VL, March GM. Exposure to arsenic and respiratory cancer: a reanalysis. Am J Epidemiol. 1987;125:929–38. [PubMed] 59. Enterline PE, Day R, Marsh GM. Cancers related to exposure to arsenic at a copper smelter. Occup Environ Med. 1995;52:28–32. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
60. Weber S. How OSHA enforces the law: a case study. New York: Inform; 1981.
61. Cant SM, Legendre LA. Assessment of occupational exposure to arsenic, copper, and lead in a western copper smelter. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1982;43:223–6. [PubMed]
62. Smelter putting arsenic in the air is set to close. New York Times. 1984 Jun 30;:14.