Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of procrsmedFormerly medchtJournal of the Royal Society of MedicineProceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine
Proc R Soc Med. 1960 November; 53(11): 909–916.
PMCID: PMC1871061

Dysphagia in Adults (Non-malignant)—The Role of Spasm in Œsophageal Disease

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (3.0M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • ATKINSON M, EDWARDS DA, HONOUR AJ, ROWLANDS EN. Mechanisms of gastro-oesophageal reflux in hiatus hernia. Proc R Soc Med. 1958 Jun;51(6):463–464. [PubMed]
  • BRACHT H. Ein Beitrag zur Osophagusdiagnostik. Medizinische. 1954 Mar 27;13:422–424. [PubMed]
  • BARNES WA, BREWER MS, REDO SF. Evaluation of operative procedures for achalasia. Ann Surg. 1956 Nov;144(5):823–828. [PubMed]
  • CREAMER B, OLSEN AM, CODE CF. The esophageal sphincters in achalasia of the cardia (cardiospasm). Gastroenterology. 1957 Aug;33(2):293–301. [PubMed]
  • IMDAHL H. Ein Beitrag zur Klinik und Therapie des idiopathischen Kardiospasmus. Langenbecks Arch Klin Chir Ver Dtsch Z Chir. 1958;288(6):554–572. [PubMed]
  • KAY EB. The inferior esophageal constrictor in relation to lower esophageal disease. J Thorac Surg. 1953 Jan;25(1):1–15. [PubMed]
  • OLSEN AM, CREAMER B. Studies of oesophageal motility, with special reference to the differential diagnosis of diffuse spasm and achalasia (cardiospasm). Thorax. 1957 Dec;12(4):279–289. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • ARNOLD LM, SOM ML. Esophagoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal diseases. Am J Surg. 1957 Feb;93(2):183–195. [PubMed]
  • VANTRAPPEN G, LIEMER MD, IKEYA J, TEXTER EC, Jr, BARBORKA CJ. Simultaneous fluorocinematography and intraluminal pressure measurements in the study of esophageal motility. Gastroenterology. 1958 Dec;35(6):592–602. [PubMed]

Articles from Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine are provided here courtesy of Royal Society of Medicine Press