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A linear exposure-response relation was found between road traffic noise and self reported diagnosis of hypertension in 667/1000 residents of Stockholm, Sweden, who responded to a questionnaire.questionnaire.
About half the subjects lived within 100 metres of a highway or other main road, and the rest acted as controls. Noise exposures were measured, modelled, or assessed by a noise specialist. The odds ratio for reported hypertension in those exposed was 1.38 (95% confidence interval 1.06 to 1.80) with a linear exposure-response relation. Stronger associations were found in those who had lived in their house for >10 years, whose house was built before 1976, and whose bedroom windows faced the street or had no triple glazing.