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Logo of procrsmedFormerly medchtJournal of the Royal Society of MedicineProceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine
Proc R Soc Med. 1976 August; 69(8): 560–562.
PMCID: PMC1864569

Current status of the preservation of semen and embryos.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Behrman SJ, Sawada Y. Heterologous and homologous inseminations with human semen frozen and stored in a liquid-nitrogen refrigerator. Fertil Steril. 1966 Jul-Aug;17(4):457–466. [PubMed]
  • BUNGE RG, SHERMAN JK. Fertilizing capacity of frozen human spermatozoa. Nature. 1953 Oct 24;172(4382):767–768. [PubMed]
  • POLGE C. Fertilizing capacity of bull spermatozoa after freezing at 79 degrees C. Nature. 1952 Apr 12;169(4302):626–627. [PubMed]
  • Polge C, Salamon S, Wilmut I. Fertilizing capacity of frozen boar semen following surgical insemination. Vet Rec. 1970 Oct 10;87(15):424–429. [PubMed]
  • Pursel VG, Johnson LA. Freezing of boar spermatozoa: fertilizing capacity with concentrated semen and a new thawing procedure. J Anim Sci. 1975 Jan;40(1):99–102. [PubMed]
  • Salamon S. Deep freezing of ram semen: recovery of spermatozoa after pelleting and comparison with other methods of freezing. Aust J Biol Sci. 1968 Apr;21(2):351–360. [PubMed]
  • Salamon S, Lightfoot RJ. Fertilization and embryonic loss in sheep after insemination with deep frozen semen. Nature. 1967 Oct 14;216(5111):194–195. [PubMed]
  • Salamon S, Wilmut I, Polge C. Deep freezing of boar semen. I. Effects of diluent composition, protective agents, and method of thawing on survival of spermatozoa. Aust J Biol Sci. 1973 Feb;26(1):219–230. [PubMed]
  • SAWADA Y. THE PRESERVATION OF HUMAN SEMEN BY DEEP FREEZING. Int J Fertil. 1964 Jul-Sep;9:525–532. [PubMed]
  • SHERMAN JK. Improved methods of preservation of human spermatozoa by freezing and freeze-drying. Fertil Steril. 1963 Jan-Feb;14:49–64. [PubMed]
  • Trounson AO, Willadsen SM, Rowson LE, Newcomb R. The storage of cow eggs at room temperature and at low temperatures. J Reprod Fertil. 1976 Jan;46(1):173–178. [PubMed]
  • Tyler ET. The clinical use of frozen semen banks. Fertil Steril. 1973 May;24(5):413–416. [PubMed]
  • Whittingham DG, Leibo SP, Mazur P. Survival of mouse embryos frozen to -196 degrees and -269 degrees C. Science. 1972 Oct 27;178(4059):411–414. [PubMed]
  • Willadsen SM, Polge C, Rowson LE, Moor RM. Deep freezing of sheep embryos. J Reprod Fertil. 1976 Jan;46(1):151–154. [PubMed]
  • Wilmut I. The effect of cooling rate, warming rate, cryoprotective agent and stage of development on survival of mouse embryos during freezing and thawing. Life Sci II. 1972 Nov 22;11(22):1071–1079. [PubMed]
  • Wilmut I, Polge C. The fertilizing capacity of boar semen stored in the presence of glycerol at 20, 5 and -79 degrees C. J Reprod Fertil. 1974 May;38(1):105–113. [PubMed]
  • Wilmut I, Rowson LE. Experiments on the low-temperature preservation of cow embryos. Vet Rec. 1973 Jun 30;92(26):686–690. [PubMed]

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