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BMJ. 1989 December 23; 299(6715): 1547–1551.
PMCID: PMC1838781

Why are the Japanese living longer?

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Selected References

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  • Uemura K, Pisa Z. Trends in cardiovascular disease mortality in industrialized countries since 1950. World Health Stat Q. 1988;41(3-4):155–178. [PubMed]
  • Charlton JR, Velez R. Some international comparisons of mortality amenable to medical intervention. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1986 Feb 1;292(6516):295–301. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Parkin DW, McGuire AJ, Yule BF. What do international comparisons of health care expenditures really show? Community Med. 1989 May;11(2):116–123. [PubMed]
  • Marmot MG, Syme SL, Kagan A, Kato H, Cohen JB, Belsky J. Epidemiologic studies of coronary heart disease and stroke in Japanese men living in Japan, Hawaii and California: prevalence of coronary and hypertensive heart disease and associated risk factors. Am J Epidemiol. 1975 Dec;102(6):514–525. [PubMed]
  • Ueshima H, Iida M, Shimamoto T, Konishi M, Tanigaki M, Doi M, Nakanishi N, Takayama Y, Ozawa H, Komachi Y. Dietary intake and serum total cholesterol level: their relationship to different lifestyles in several Japanese populations. Circulation. 1982 Sep;66(3):519–526. [PubMed]
  • Wilkinson RG. Class mortality differentials, income distribution and trends in poverty 1921-1981. J Soc Policy. 1989 Jul;18(3):307–335. [PubMed]
  • Marmot MG. Epidemiology and the art of the soluble. Lancet. 1986 Apr 19;1(8486):897–900. [PubMed]
  • Marmot M, Theorell T. Social class and cardiovascular disease: the contribution of work. Int J Health Serv. 1988;18(4):659–674. [PubMed]
  • Alfredsson L, Spetz CL, Theorell T. Type of occupation and near-future hospitalization for myocardial infarction and some other diagnoses. Int J Epidemiol. 1985 Sep;14(3):378–388. [PubMed]
  • Matsumoto YS. Social stress and coronary heart disease in Japan. A hypothesis. Milbank Mem Fund Q. 1970 Jan;48(1):9–36. [PubMed]
  • Marmot MG, Syme SL. Acculturation and coronary heart disease in Japanese-Americans. Am J Epidemiol. 1976 Sep;104(3):225–247. [PubMed]
  • Ueshima H, Tatara K, Asakura S. Declining mortality from ischemic heart disease and changes in coronary risk factors in Japan, 1956-1980. Am J Epidemiol. 1987 Jan;125(1):62–72. [PubMed]

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