PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of aemPermissionsJournals.ASM.orgJournalAEM ArticleJournal InfoAuthorsReviewers
 
Appl Environ Microbiol. 1991 February; 57(2): 517–524.
PMCID: PMC182742

Genetic construction of nisin-producing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris and analysis of a rapid method for conjugation.

Abstract

Conjugation was used to construct nisin-producing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris strains. Recipients were obtained by electroporation of L. lactis subsp. cremoris strains with the drug resistance plasmid pGK13 or pGB301. A method, direct-plate conjugation, was developed in which donor and recipient cells were concentrated and then combined directly on selective media. This method facilitated transfer of the nisin-sucrose (Nip+ Suc+) phenotype from the donor strain, L. lactis subsp. lactis 11454, to three L. lactis subsp. cremoris recipient strains. Nip+ Suc+ L. lactis subsp. cremoris transconjugants were obtained at frequencies which ranged from 10(-7) to 10(-8) per donor CFU. DNA-DNA hybridization to transconjugant DNAs, performed with an oligonucleotide probe synthesized to detect the nisin precursor gene, showed that this gene was transferred during conjugation but was not associated with detectable plasmid DNA. Further investigation indicated that L. lactis subsp. cremoris Nip+ Suc+ transconjugants retained the recipient strain phenotype with respect to bacteriophage resistance and acid production in milk. Results suggested that it would be feasible to construct nisin-producing L. lactis subsp. cremoris strains for application as mixed and multiple starter systems. Additionally, the direct-plate conjugation method required less time than filter or milk agar matings and may also be useful for investigations of conjugal mechanisms in these organisms.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (2.0M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Anderson DG, McKay LL. Simple and rapid method for isolating large plasmid DNA from lactic streptococci. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1983 Sep;46(3):549–552. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Anderson DG, McKay LL. Genetic and physical characterization of recombinant plasmids associated with cell aggregation and high-frequency conjugal transfer in Streptococcus lactis ML3. J Bacteriol. 1984 Jun;158(3):954–962. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Behnke D, Gilmore MS, Ferretti JJ. Plasmid pGB301, a new multiple resistance streptococcal cloning vehicle and its use in cloning of a gentamicin/kanamycin resistance determinant. Mol Gen Genet. 1981;182(3):414–421. [PubMed]
  • Benkerroum N, Sandine WE. Inhibitory action of nisin against Listeria monocytogenes. J Dairy Sci. 1988 Dec;71(12):3237–3245. [PubMed]
  • Buchman GW, Banerjee S, Hansen JN. Structure, expression, and evolution of a gene encoding the precursor of nisin, a small protein antibiotic. J Biol Chem. 1988 Nov 5;263(31):16260–16266. [PubMed]
  • Dodd HM, Horn N, Gasson MJ. Analysis of the genetic determinant for production of the peptide antibiotic nisin. J Gen Microbiol. 1990 Mar;136(3):555–566. [PubMed]
  • Dower WJ, Miller JF, Ragsdale CW. High efficiency transformation of E. coli by high voltage electroporation. Nucleic Acids Res. 1988 Jul 11;16(13):6127–6145. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fitzgerald GF, Gasson MJ. In vivo gene transfer systems and transposons. Biochimie. 1988 Apr;70(4):489–502. [PubMed]
  • Franke AE, Clewell DB. Evidence for a chromosome-borne resistance transposon (Tn916) in Streptococcus faecalis that is capable of "conjugal" transfer in the absence of a conjugative plasmid. J Bacteriol. 1981 Jan;145(1):494–502. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gasson MJ, Davies FL. High-frequency conjugation associated with Streptococcus lactis donor cell aggregation. J Bacteriol. 1980 Sep;143(3):1260–1264. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gonzalez CF, Kunka BS. Transfer of Sucrose-Fermenting Ability and Nisin Production Phenotype among Lactic Streptococci. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1985 Mar;49(3):627–633. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hershfield V. Plasmids mediating multiple drug resistance in group B streptococcus: transferability and molecular properties. Plasmid. 1979 Jan;2(1):137–149. [PubMed]
  • Holo H, Nes IF. High-Frequency Transformation, by Electroporation, of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris Grown with Glycine in Osmotically Stabilized Media. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1989 Dec;55(12):3119–3123. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kaletta C, Entian KD. Nisin, a peptide antibiotic: cloning and sequencing of the nisA gene and posttranslational processing of its peptide product. J Bacteriol. 1989 Mar;171(3):1597–1601. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Macrina FL, Kopecko DJ, Jones KR, Ayers DJ, McCowen SM. A multiple plasmid-containing Escherichia coli strain: convenient source of size reference plasmid molecules. Plasmid. 1978 Jun;1(3):417–420. [PubMed]
  • McKay LL, Baldwin KA, Walsh PM. Conjugal transfer of genetic information in group N streptococci. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1980 Jul;40(1):84–89. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • McKay LL, Baldwin KA, Zottola EA. Loss of lactose metabolism in lactic streptococci. Appl Microbiol. 1972 Jun;23(6):1090–1096. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Murphy MC, Steele JL, Daly C, McKay LL. Concomitant conjugal transfer of reduced-bacteriophage-sensitivity mechanisms with lactose- and sucrose-fermenting ability in lactic streptococci. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1988 Aug;54(8):1951–1956. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Powell Ian B, Achen Marc G, Hillier Alan J, Davidson Barrie E. A Simple and Rapid Method for Genetic Transformation of Lactic Streptococci by Electroporation. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1988 Mar;54(3):655–660. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Sanders ME, Leonhard PJ, Sing WD, Klaenhammer TR. Conjugal strategy for construction of fast Acid-producing, bacteriophage-resistant lactic streptococci for use in dairy fermentations. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1986 Nov;52(5):1001–1007. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Snook RJ, McKay LL. Conjugal Transfer of Lactose-Fermenting Ability Among Streptococcus cremoris and Streptococcus lactis Strains. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1981 Nov;42(5):904–911. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Southern EM. Detection of specific sequences among DNA fragments separated by gel electrophoresis. J Mol Biol. 1975 Nov 5;98(3):503–517. [PubMed]
  • Steele JL, McKay LL. Partial characterization of the genetic basis for sucrose metabolism and nisin production in Streptococcus lactis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1986 Jan;51(1):57–64. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Steenson LR, Klaenhammer TR. Conjugal transfer of plasmid DNA between streptococci immobilized in calcium alginate gel beads. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1987 Apr;53(4):898–900. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Terzaghi BE, Sandine WE. Improved medium for lactic streptococci and their bacteriophages. Appl Microbiol. 1975 Jun;29(6):807–813. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Tsai HJ, Sandine WE. Conjugal transfer of nisin plasmid genes from Streptococcus lactis 7962 to Leuconostoc dextranicum 181. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1987 Feb;53(2):352–357. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Walsh PM, McKay LL. Recombinant plasmid associated cell aggregation and high-frequency conjugation of Streptococcus lactis ML3. J Bacteriol. 1981 Jun;146(3):937–944. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Willetts N, Wilkins B. Processing of plasmid DNA during bacterial conjugation. Microbiol Rev. 1984 Mar;48(1):24–41. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Woskow SA, Kondo JK. Effect of Proteolytic Enzymes on Transfection and Transformation of Streptococcus lactis Protoplasts. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1987 Oct;53(10):2583–2587. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Applied and Environmental Microbiology are provided here courtesy of American Society for Microbiology (ASM)