This work was supported in part by the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group (PACTG) of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, the Pediatric/Perinatal HIV Clinical Trials Network of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, the Statistical and Data Management Center of the PACTG (NIAID cooperative agreement AI-41110), 202PVCL04 from Social and Scientific Systems, and the UNC CFAR P30 A150410.
PACTG 338 protocol team members included: Anita Ballow, Frontier Science and Technology Research Foundation, Amherst, New York; Molly Nozyce, PhD, Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, New York; Stephen Spector, MD, University of California, San Diego; Steve Douglas, MD, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; William Borkowsky, New York University Medical Center, New York; Courtney Fletcher, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver; Mary E. Smith, MD, Lynette Purdue, PharmD, Division of AIDS, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland; Bethany Griffin, Social Scientific Systems, Rockville, Maryland; Sophia Lee, MS, Center for Biostatistics in AIDS Research, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts; John Sleasman, MD, University of Florida College of Medicine Gainesville, Florida; Ross McKinney, MD, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; Jeanne Berg and Becky Hoffman, MD, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois; Maria Gigliotti and Patrick Robinson, MD, Boehringer-Ingleheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, Connecticut; Laurie Reynolds and Vicki Rutkiewicz, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Wallingford Connecticut; Barbara Lane, RN, Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina; Bach-Yen Nguyen, MD and Linda A Hawe, Merck Research Laboratories, Blue Bell, Pennsylvania; Kathleen Mohan, ARNP, Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Seattle, Washington; Moraima Rivera, San Juan City Hospital, Puerto Rico; Virginia Parks, San Francisco, California.
The following individuals and institutions participated in the study: Rosaura Aguayo, MD, Wanda I. Figueroa, MD, Eva Reyes, NP, Ramon Ruiz Arnau University Hospital, Bayamon, Puerto Rico; Kenneth McIntosh, MD, Catherine Kneut, RN, Nancy P. Karthas, RN, Children's Hospital of Boston, Boston, Massachusetts; Stephen I. Pelton, MD, Ellen R. Cooper, MD, Anne Marie Regan, PNP, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; Karen Dorio, RN, Margaret Chin, PNP, Michael Rosenberg, MD, Wanda Biernick, RN, Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, New York; Ram Kairam, MD, Bronx Lebanon Hospital, Bronx, New York; Senih Fikrig, MD, Hamid Moallem, MD, Denise Marie Swindell, State University of New York at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York; Ellen Chadwick, MD, Debbie Cloutier, RN, Amy Talsky, NP, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois; Wyler Hospital, Chicago, Illinois; Ram Yogev, MD, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois; Kenneth Rich, MD, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois; S. Nicholas, MD, Columbia University, New York, New York; Michael Brady, MD, K. Koranyi, MD, Jane Hunkler, RN, Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; George Johnson, MD, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina; Children's Medical Center of Dallas, Dallas, Texas; Ross McKinney, Jr. MD, Lori Ferguson, RN, M. DeWalt, RN, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; Rajendra Pahwa, MD. Saroj Bakshi, MD, L. Rodriguez, CPNP, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York; Mobeen Rathore, MD, Erin. Buckley, RN, CCRC, S. Mahmoudi, ARNP, University of Florida Health Science Center, Jacksonville, Florida; John Sleasman, MD, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida; Elaine J. Abrams, MD, Delia Calo, CCRC, Maxine Frere, RN, Harlem Hospital Center, New York, New York; Juan Carlos Salazar, MD, Peter Krause, MD, Gail A. Karas, RN-C, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, Connecticut; University of Mississippi Medical Center Children's Hospital, Jackson, Mississippi; Margaret Keller, MD, Harbor-University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine, Torrance, California; Joseph A. Church, MD, Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; Andrea Kovacs, MD, Margaret Khoury, MD, James Homans, MD, Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California; Gwendolyn B. Scott, MD, University of Miami, Miami, Florida; Mary Jo Hoyt, NP, Barry Dashefsky, MD, Arry Dieudonne, MD, Paul Palumbo, MD, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey; Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; Russell B. Van Dyke, MD, Dawn Sokol, MD, Cheryl A. Borne, ADN, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana; Mahrukh Bamji, MD, Metropolitan Hospital Center,, New York, New York; Incarnation Children's Center, New York, New York; William Borkowsky, MD, Aditya Kaul, MD, Sulachni Chandwani, MD, Mona Rigaud, MD, New York University Medical Center and Bellevue Hospital, New York, New York; Ann Petru, MD, Teresa Courville, RN, Children's Hospital of Oakland, Oakland, California; Harold Lischner, MD, Daniel H. Conaway, MD, Audrey Kamrin, CRNP, St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Suzanne R. Lavoie, MD, T. Smith, RN, Cara Moggo, RN, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia; Francis Gigliotti, MD, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, MD, Barbra. Murante, MS, RN, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; Stephen A. Spector, MD, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California; University of San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, California; City Hospital of San Juan, San Juan, Puerto Rico; Irma Febo MD, Licette Lugo MD, Ruth Santos RN, Ibet Heyer RN, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico; Ann J. Melvin, MD, Kathleen Mohan, ARNP, MN, Lisa M. Frenkel, MD, Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Seattle, Washington; Barbara W. Stechenberg, MD, Donna J. Fisher, MD, MariPat Toye, RN, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts; Michell A. Davi, RN, MS, L. Romard, PNP, State University of New York Health Science Center at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York; State University of New York Health Science Center, Syracuse, New York; Sohail R. Rana, MD, Helga Finke-Castro, MD, P. Houston, MS, Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC; A. Bonwit, MD, Angelo Seda, RN, E. Talatala, RN, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, Washington, DC; and John L. Sullivan, MD, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts.