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Can Vet J. 1983 February; 24(2): 54–56.
PMCID: PMC1790251

Isolation of Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides from Polyarthritis and Mastitis of Goats in Canada


The clinical signs, pathomorphological changes, and microbiological findings in Canadian goats infected with Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides are discussed. The disease affected mainly young goats and was characterized by septicemia and polyarthritis. Mastitis followed by septicemia was seen in two mature goats. The diagnosis was made by culture and identification of the mycoplasma. Infected goats without clinical signs were identified by cultural and serological (complement fixation) techniques. Healthy carriers are presumably able to transmit the infection and may have brought the disease to Canada.

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Selected References

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  • Cottew GS, Yeats FR. Subdivision of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides from cattle and goats into two types. Aust Vet J. 1978 Jun;54(6):293–296. [PubMed]
  • Hayflick L. Tissue cultures and mycoplasmas. Tex Rep Biol Med. 1965 Jun;23(Suppl):285+–285+. [PubMed]
  • Rosendal S, Ernø H, Wyand DS. Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides as a cause of polyarthritis in goats. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1979 Aug 15;175(4):378–380. [PubMed]
  • Ruhnke HL, Doig PA, MacKay AL, Gagnon A, Kierstead M. Isolation of Ureaplasma from bovine granular vulvitis. Can J Comp Med. 1978 Apr;42(2):151–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Thigpen JE, Kornegay RW, Chang J, McGhee CE, Thierry VL. Pneumonia in goats caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1981 Apr 1;178(7):711–712. [PubMed]
  • Valdivieso-Garcia A, Rosendal S. Variation in colony size of Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides isolated form goats. Vet Rec. 1982 May 15;110(20):470–471. [PubMed]

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