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Arthritis Res Ther. 2006; 8(4): 213.
Published online 2006 June 9. doi:  10.1186/ar1976
PMCID: PMC1779423

Scar wars: is TGFβ the phantom menace in scleroderma?

Abstract

The autoimmune disease scleroderma (systemic sclerosis (SSc)) is characterized by extensive tissue fibrosis, causing significant morbidity. There is no therapy for the fibrosis observed in SSc; indeed, the underlying cause of the scarring observed in this disease is unknown. Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) has long been hypothesized to be a major contributor to pathological fibrotic diseases, including SSc. Recently, the signaling pathways through which TGFβ activates a fibrotic program have been elucidated and, as a consequence, several possible points for anti-fibrotic drug intervention in SSc have emerged.


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