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Logo of annrheumdAnnals of the Rheumatic DiseasesCurrent TOCInstructions for authors
 
Ann Rheum Dis. Jul 2001; 60(7): 641–649.
PMCID: PMC1753749
Guidelines for musculoskeletal ultrasound in rheumatology
M Backhaus, G Burmester, T Gerber, W Grassi, K Machold, W Swen, R Wakefield, and B Manger
Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Charité University Hospital, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (293K).
Figure 1
Figure 1  
Anterior transverse scan in neutral position at the bicipital groove. h = humerus; t = biceps tendon; d = deltoid muscle.
Figure 2
Figure 2  
Anterior transverse scan in maximal internal rotation of the shoulder. h = humerus; t = supraspinatus tendon; d = deltoid muscle.
Figure 3
Figure 3  
Anterior humeroradial longitudinal scan at the elbow. h = humerus; r = radius; m = muscles; ° = articular cartilage
Figure 4
Figure 4  
Anterior transverse scan at the distal humeral epiphysis. h = humerus; ° = articular cartilage; m = muscles.
Figure 5
Figure 5  
Posterior transverse scan at the distal humeral epiphysis. h = humerus; ° = articular cartilage; m = triceps muscle.
Figure 6
Figure 6  
Volar transverse scan at the carpal tunnel. r = radius; n = median nerve; t = flexor tendons.
Figure 7
Figure 7  
Dorsal transverse scan at the metacarpal head. mh = metacarpal head; t = extensor tendon.
Figure 8
Figure 8  
Palmar longitudinal scan at the metacarpophalangeal joint. * = joint cavity; ° = articular cartilage; pp = proximal phalanx; mh = metacarpal head; t = flexor tendon. (more ...)
Figure 9
Figure 9  
Palmar longitudinal scan at the distal interphalangeal joint. * = joint cavity; dp = proximal phalanx; mp = middle phalanx; t = flexor tendon.
Figure 10
Figure 10  
Palmar transverse scan at the metacarpal head. mh = metacarpal head; ° = articular cartilage; t = flexor tendon.
Figure 11
Figure 11  
Anterior longitudinal scan at the hip. a = acetabulum; f = femur; * = joint cavity; m = muscles.
Figure 12
Figure 12  
Suprapatellar transverse scan in maximal flexion. f = femur; ° = articular cartilage.
Figure 13
Figure 13  
Anterior longitudinal scan at the ankle. tib = tibia; tal = talus; ° = articular cartilage.
Figure 14
Figure 14  
Posterior longitudinal scan at the heel. t = achilles tendon; cal = calcaneus; k = Kager's fat pat.
Figure 15
Figure 15  
Dorsal longitudinal scan at the first toe. mh = metatarsal head; ; pp = proximal phalanx; t = extensor tendon; * = joint cavity; ° = articular cartilage.
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