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Thorax. May 2004; 59(5): 441–445.
PMCID: PMC1746985

α1-Antitrypsin deficiency • 3: Clinical manifestations and natural history


A review of the clinical manifestations of α1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency, including lung disease and liver disease, and risk factors affecting the rate of decline in lung function in AAT deficient patients.

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