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Skull base surgery. 1995 January; 5(1): 51–55.
PMCID: PMC1661780

Practical Applications of Image-Guided Navigation during Anterior Craniofacial Resection


Intraoperative image-guided navigation allows the surgeon to identify anatomic landmarks obscured by overlying normal tissue, neoplasms, infection, or previous surgery. This case presentation illustrates some of the practical applications of the ISG image-guided navigation system during anterior cranial base surgery. The advantages and the pitfalls of the ISG system are discussed.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Goldsmith MF. For better hip replacement results, surgeon's best friend may be a robot. JAMA. 1992 Feb 5;267(5):613–614. [PubMed]
  • Zinreich SJ, Tebo SA, Long DM, Brem H, Mattox DE, Loury ME, vander Kolk CA, Koch WM, Kennedy DW, Bryan RN. Frameless stereotaxic integration of CT imaging data: accuracy and initial applications. Radiology. 1993 Sep;188(3):735–742. [PubMed]
  • Barnett GH, Kormos DW, Steiner CP, Weisenberger J. Use of a frameless, armless stereotactic wand for brain tumor localization with two-dimensional and three-dimensional neuroimaging. Neurosurgery. 1993 Oct;33(4):674–678. [PubMed]
  • Drake JM, Prudencio J, Holowaka S, Rutka JT, Hoffman HJ, Humphreys RP. Frameless stereotaxy in children. Pediatr Neurosurg. 1994;20(2):152–159. [PubMed]

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