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Skull Base. 2002 August; 12(3): 119–124.
PMCID: PMC1656946

Comparison of the Exposure Obtained by Endoscope and Microscope in the Extended Trans-Sphenoidal Approach


Objective: Trans-sphenoidal surgery is often combined with other approaches for the treatment of middle cranial base tumors. By combining a maxillotomy with trans-sphenoidal approach, significantly wider exposure to these regions is gained. However, endoscope-assisted techniques have also been used for sellar and parasellar and upper clival regions. Methods: An extended trans-sphenoidal approach was performed on 10 cadaver heads using the operating microscope and was repeated with a 0-degree endoscope. The mean horizontal and vertical distances were measured and pictured for each technique, and both distances were compared using a parametric paired Student's t-test. Results: The mean horizontal distances in the 10 specimens were 19.5 ± 1.8 mm by microscope and 27.5 ± 2.2 mm by endoscope, and the mean vertical distances were 25.8 ± 1.9 mm by the microscope and 34.5 ± 3.5 mm by the endoscope. Conclusion: The aim of this study was to quantify the amount of exposure obtained with an extended trans-sphenoidal approach and to compare both endoscopic and microscopic techniques. Using the endoscope in conjunction with the operating microscope may provide additional exposure and better access in skull base surgery.

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Selected References

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