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The present article reports on our experience with hearing preservation during 158 acoustic neuroma (AN) operations via the retrosigmoid-transmeatal (RS-TM) approach with the aid of intraoperative auditory monitoring. Several auditory monitoring methods are described. Of these, the bipolar cochlear nerve action potential (CNAP) was found to be the most helpful in preserving hearing. Of 106 patients with useful hearing preoperatively, more than 50% had useful hearing after surgery. Electrical auditory brainstem responses were useful in the placement of an auditory brain stem implant (ABI) in 4 patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). All 4 reported speech perception benefit and use their ABIs regularly in their lives. It is our firm belief that intraoperative auditory monitoring has a pivotal role in the preservation and restoration of hearing in AN surgery.