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Skull Base. 2001; 11(1): 13–23.
PMCID: PMC1656835

Endovascular Treatment of Transverse-Sigmoid Sinus Dural Arteriovenous Malformations Presenting as Pulsatile Tinnitus


Transverse-sigmoid sinus dural arteriovenous malformations (DAVM) are uncommon vascular lesions for which complete cure may be difficult to obtain. A wide variety of treatments for these lesions include observation, arterial compression, surgical resection, and endovascular embolization. We propose that transverse-sigmoid sinus DAVM can be completely cured by occluding the ipsilateral dural sinus with detachable balloon and Guglielmi detachable coils (GDC) coils before arterial feeder embolization with histoacryl. Three patients who presented with pulsatile tinnitus and normal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies underwent angiography, which demonstrated transverse-sigmoid sinus DAVM. All three patients wer treated with retrograde transvenous sinus embolization with complete occlusion of the transverse-sigmoid sinus with detachable balloons and GDC coils with preservation of the vein of Labbé. Subsequently, the various feeders from the external carotid artery were embolized. The tentorial arteries arising from the ipsilateral internal carotid arteries were not embolized in any of the cases, which were still contributing to the DAVM. Complete cure with thrombosis of the tentorial branch of the internal carotid artery (ICA) was seen on follow-up angiogram 1 day after embolization in one patient and on 4-week and 6-week follow-up angiograms in the other two patients. Complete occlusion of the transverse sinus proximal to the vein of Labbé, in spite of incomplete arterial feeder embolization, can result in complete cure of the transversesinus dural AVF if adequate time is given for the remaining feeders to occlude, once the fistula is obliterated.

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