Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of skullbasesurgInstructions for AuthorsSubscribe to Skull BaseAbout Skull BaseEditorial BoardThieme Medical PublishingSkull Base An Interdisciplinary Approach ...
Skull base surgery. 2000; 10(3): 119–123.
PMCID: PMC1656825

The New Proposed Magnetic Resonance Areas of the Cavernous Sinus and Their Relation to the Neurosurgical Triangles


MRI appears to be the best contemporary method with which to evaluate cavernous sinus anatomy. Based on anatomic landmarks that are easily detectable in the standard MRI examination, the cavernous sinus is divided into six areas. Each of the newly defined areas corresponds to the previously described neuroanatomic triangles. Evaluation of the newly defined areas in a plane perpendicular to these triangles on a MRI scan permits expansion of these two-dimensional areas into three-dimensional spaces; thus, the neurosurgical approach can be observed and their anatomic and pathologic content examined. Radiologic and surgical evaluation of the cavernous sinus is presented.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.9M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Kawase T, van Loveren H, Keller JT, Tew JM. Meningeal architecture of the cavernous sinus: clinical and surgical implications. Neurosurgery. 1996 Sep;39(3):527–536. [PubMed]
  • Oikawa S, Kyoshima K, Kobayashi S. Surgical anatomy of the juxta-dural ring area. J Neurosurg. 1998 Aug;89(2):250–254. [PubMed]
  • Seoane E, Rhoton AL, Jr, de Oliveira E. Microsurgical anatomy of the dural collar (carotid collar) and rings around the clinoid segment of the internal carotid artery. Neurosurgery. 1998 Apr;42(4):869–886. [PubMed]
  • Guy RL, Benn JJ, Ayers AB, Bingham JB, Lowy C, Cox TC, Sonksen PH. A comparison of CT and MRI in the assessment of the pituitary and parasellar region. Clin Radiol. 1991 Mar;43(3):156–161. [PubMed]
  • Demaerel P, Marchal G, Casteels I, Wilms G, Bosmans H, Dralands G, Baert AL. Intracavernous aneurysm. Superior demonstration by magnetic resonance angiography. Neuroradiology. 1990;32(4):322–324. [PubMed]
  • Bradac GB, Riva A, Schörner W, Stura G. Cavernous sinus meningiomas: an MRI study. Neuroradiology. 1987;29(6):578–581. [PubMed]
  • Daniels DL, Pech P, Mark L, Pojunas K, Williams AL, Haughton VM. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cavernous sinus. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985 May;144(5):1009–1014. [PubMed]

Articles from Skull Base Surgery are provided here courtesy of Thieme Medical Publishers