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Skull base surgery. 1999; 9(3): 211–219.
PMCID: PMC1656731

A Reconstruction Method Using Musculopericranial Flaps that Prevents Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea and Intracranial Complications after Extended Anterior Skull Base Resection


Anterior skull base defects after extended anterior skull base resection including unilateral orbit and the dura were reconstructed using the temporal musculopericranial (TMP) flaps or frontal musculopericranial (FMP) flap in 14 patients. Dural defect was reconstructed with the TMP or FMP flap by making it overlap on the remaining dura around the defects. These flaps were also used, in principle, for the separation of the nasal cavity. For bone defects on the anterior skull base, a bone graft was transplanted in the place between the flap for dural reconstruction and the flap for the separation of the nasal cavity. Bone grafting was nor performed in patients who had an extensive defect and for whom a free flap was used for the separation. After surgery, CSF rhinorrhea did not occur in the 14 patients. Twelve patients did not develop any postoperative complications. Two patients had epidural abscess, but with debridement and the drainage to the nasal cavity, they did not develop severe intracranial complications. We conclude that reconstruction using musculopericranial flaps is a reliable and versatile method with minimum invasion and the shortest operation hours. In particular, musculopericranial flap for dura reconstruction was highly efficacious for the prevention of CSF rhinorrhea.

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Selected References

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