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Skull base surgery. 1994 April; 4(2): 103–109.
PMCID: PMC1656484

Combined Arterial and Venous Approaches for Cure of Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula in a Patient with Fibromuscular Dysplasia

Abstract

We report the case of a woman with bilateral carotid artery fibromuscular dysplasia. The case illustrates some of the difficulties encountered in the treatment of carotid-cavernous fistula. For example, a previous contralateral carotid closure caused complications because carotid sacrifice was not now possible. This resulted in several embolization procedures requiring prolonged x-ray exposures. We show that transvascular embolotherapy must incorporate a flexible approach for access, selection of embolic materials, and clinical care.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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