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Skull base surgery. 1994 April; 4(2): 65–71.
PMCID: PMC1656475

Vestibular Neurectomy and Microvascular Decompression of the Cochlear Nerve in Meniere's Disease


Vestibular neurectomy (VN) results in a high success rate in the control of vertigo in Meniere's disease, although the subsequent fate of auditory function is fairly unpredictable. The present investigation reports the postoperative results obtained in a group of 30 subjects with a clinical diagnosis of Meniere's disease and vascular cross-compression of cranial nerve VIII. All subjects underwent VN using a retrosigmoid approach, and in half of them microvascular decompression (MVD) of the cochlear nerve with interposition of autogenous muscle was performed at the same time. All patients had complete relief from vertigo. Hearing was significantly improved in the VN-MVD group (46.7% of subjects). In this group tinnitus and aural fullness also improved significantly, with values of 62.6% and 66.6%, respectively.

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Selected References

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